Other core areas of work including shelter water and

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 92

This preview shows page 48 - 50 out of 92 pages.

Other core areas of work, including shelter, water and sanitation and livelihoods, as well as core protection activities, such as registration and refugee status determination interviews, have implications for MHPSS work, and an MHPSS approach can be integrated across all sectors. However, it is beyond the scope of this review to assess the role of MHPSS activities within policies from all sectors. Timor-Leste / IDP emergency / A boy watches as vehicles burn as a result of arson in Dili. © UNHCR / N. Ng / June 2006 48 UNHCR’S MENTAL HEALTH AND PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT FOR PERSONS OF CONCERN
Image of page 48
Sexual and gender-based violence SGBV is an area with clear connections to MHPSS activities. SGBV survivors may have significant mental health and psychological needs that can be addressed in multiple ways, including at the community level, through targeted interventions, or in health care settings. Impacts of sexual violence can include mental disorders, such as PTSD and depression, and stigma, including discrimination and rejection from family and community. 112 Provision of mental health, psychosocial and anti-stigma interventions in response to these needs is a key component of SGBV response to prevent mental health or psychosocial problems, and promote well-being. 113 Psychosocial response for survivors of SGBV is evidently understood within UNHCR as a core activity. UNHCR’s Focus indicators for SGBV response link “quality of response” to the activity of counselling, with performance indicators of number of persons counselled and number of counselling sessions. Within UNHCR’s key SGBV policy document, the 2011 Action against Sexual and Gender-Based Violence: An Updated Strategy, psychosocial care is identified as one of the key areas of multi-sectoral approach to addressing SGBV, alongside health and legal sector responses. It is defined as providing survivors of SGBV “with the support and tools needed to deal with personal trauma, stigma and personal exclusion from their families and community.” Identification of the psychosocial component of SGBV response is consistent with the IASC Guidelines for Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings. 114 In the IASC GBV Guidelines, provision of community-based psychological and social support is included as an area of health and community services, and includes recommended activities such as providing emotional support, encouraging positive coping skills and organising social reintegration activities. However, in contrast, UNHCR’s SGBV Guidelines include recommendations for psychosocial response, without delineating types of interventions, capacities of staff required for such a response, and connections between psychosocial responses and broader protection measures. The implication of this is not that UNHCR is failing to implement these activities, but that these activities are not grounded in a broader vision and strategy based on consensus principles found in the IASC Guidelines. In interviews
Image of page 49
Image of page 50

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 92 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • Humanitarian aid, psychosocial support

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors