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“HAIs are infections that patients get while receiving treatment for medical or surgical conditions, and many HAIs are preventable (“Healthcare-Associated, 2019)”. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that each year nearly 2 million patients in the United States contract infections in hospitals and about 90,000 of these patients die as a result of their infection (CDC, 2011). Contact precautions must be initiated with any direct contact of the patient. Must have dedicated equipment for single use with infected patients. Important to understand Colonization Vs. Infection. “Colonization is the presence, growth, and multiplication of the organism without observable clinical symptoms or immune reaction. Infection is characterized by isolation of the organism accompanied by clinical signs of illness such as fever, elevated white blood count, purulence (pus), and clinical expression of disease such as pneumonia, bloodstream infections, urinary tract infections, gastrointestinal infections, and skin infections” (Incoaoc, 2010). VRE is spread from person to person often on the hands of caregivers. It can live on toilet seats, door handles, bedrails, wheelchairs, furniture, stethoscopes an other surfaces for up to 7 days. Testing for VRE can be done by collecting any drainage from a wound, urine culture, blood culture and stool specimens. A colonized person does not need treatment. If a VRE infection is diagnosed treatment is with antibiotics per the culture and sensitivity report. These will all be covered on poster presentation and during discussion (CDC, 2011).
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