(a)
Maximize
Z
x
3
.
(b)
Maximize
Z
x
1
2
x
3
.
5.1-20.
Consider the three-variable linear programming problem
shown in Fig. 5.2.
(a)
Explain in geometric terms why the set of solutions satisfying
any individual constraint is a convex set, as defined in Ap-
pendix 2.
(b)
Use the conclusion in part (
a
) to explain why the entire feasi-
ble region (the set of solutions that simultaneously satisfies
every constraint) is a convex set.
5.1-21.
Suppose that the three-variable linear programming prob-
lem given in Fig. 5.2 has the objective function
Maximize
Z
3
x
1
4
x
2
3
x
3
.
Without using the algebra of the simplex method, apply just its
geometric reasoning (including choosing the edge giving the max-
imum rate of increase of
Z
) to determine and explain the path it
would follow in Fig. 5.2 from the origin to the optimal solution.
5.1-22.
Consider the three-variable linear programming problem
shown in Fig. 5.2.
(a)
Construct a table like Table 5.4, giving the indicating variable
for each constraint boundary equation and original constraint.
(b)
For the CPF solution (2, 4, 3) and its three adjacent CPF so-
lutions (4, 2, 4), (0, 4, 2), and (2, 4, 0), construct a table like
Table 5.5, showing the corresponding defining equations, BF
solution, and nonbasic variables.
(c)
Use the sets of defining equations from part (
b
) to demonstrate
that (4, 2, 4), (0, 4, 2), and (2, 4, 0) are indeed adjacent to
(2, 4, 3), but that none of these three CPF solutions are adja-
cent to each other. Then use the sets of nonbasic variables from
part (
b
) to demonstrate the same thing.
5.1-23.
The formula for the line passing through (2, 4, 3) and
(4, 2, 4) in Fig. 5.2 can be written as
(2, 4, 3)
[(4, 2, 4)
(2, 4, 3)]
(2, 4, 3)
(2,
2, 1),
where 0
1 for just the line segment between these points.
After augmenting with the slack variables
x
4
,
x
5
,
x
6
,
x
7
for the re-
spective functional constraints, this formula becomes
(2, 4, 3, 2, 0, 0, 0)
(2,
2, 1,
2, 2, 0, 0).
Use this formula directly to answer each of the following ques-
tions, and thereby relate the algebra and geometry of the simplex
224
5
THE THEORY OF THE SIMPLEX METHOD
x
1
1
0
1
2
3
4
2
3
4
5
(2, 5)
(4, 5)
x
2
5.2-1.
Consider the following problem.
Maximize
Z
8
x
1
4
x
2
6
x
3
3
x
4
9
x
5
,
subject to
x
1
2
x
2
3
x
3
3
x
4
x
5
180
(resource 1)
4
x
1
3
x
2
2
x
3
x
4
x
5
270
(resource 2)
x
1
3
x
2
2
x
3
x
4
3
x
5
180
(resource 3)