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152.One possible explanation for the delayed effect of antidepressant drugs is that the increased availability of serotonin seems to promoteA)increased metabolic rates.B)tardive dyskinesia.C)decreased norepinephrine levels.D)neurogenesis.153.One good alternative to antidepressant drugs is154.Cognitive therapy works, top-down, by changing thought processes. Antidepressant drugswork, bottom-up, on the emotion-forming155.A natural return to a state of psychological health following an extended period of depression illustrates156.Compared with placebos, antidepressant drugs provide ________ benefits to patients with severe symptoms of depression and ________ benefits to patients with mild symptoms of depression.A)minimal; substantialB)substantial; minimalC)minimal; minimalD)substantial; substantialPage 27
157.Lithium is often an effective ________ drug.158.Edith, a 45-year-old journalist, alternates between extreme sadness and lethargy and extreme euphoria and overactivity. The drug most likely to prove beneficial to her is159.Lithium reduces bipolar patients' vulnerability to160.Which of the following procedures is most likely to result in a loss of memory?A)aversive conditioningB)the double-blind procedureC)systematic desensitizationD)electroconvulsive therapy161.Electroconvulsive therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of162.Adelle's feelings of unhappiness, low self-esteem, and hopelessness have become so extreme that she has attempted suicide. Which of the following treatments is likely to provide her with the quickest relief from her misery?Page 28
163.ECT studies that include a control condition in which people receive simulated ECT without the shock indicate that the effectiveness of ECT is partially due to