Anchoring spatializing a component of mental image

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Anchoring = spatializing a component of mental image Imagining was faster for 3x3 board, but not for 4x4 board Marking provides a dynamic scaffold, drags cognition forward Conclusions of marking People use their bodies to amplify cognition They use it to simulate processes Even imperfect simulations are effective Pervasive phenomenon If we can think with bodies then we can think with objects we are highly familiar with Experts may be able to have the same thought without playing through mirror neurons Super Experts Play enough, can simulate without instrument (internalization) Instrument mediated cognition Mirror resonance, mirror neurons, action observation network Watching or ;tening simulates covert actions Covert actions involve motor planning , like overt action Covert action does not activate muscular control Enactive account : see potential futures, as if they had played it However, listening does not equal playing Performer has responsibility to succeed (observers don’t) Performer must decide how to play (this is ad hoc, situated, and embodied; unavailable to even expert observers) Agents project a future that is richer than observer’s projected future We think causally with objects; with interaction we can: Compare rotation speeds Try out speeds Get a feel for force Visualize effects Conclusions: 1) Thinking is Multimodal Uses bodies and things Bodies and kinesthetics Eyes and hands 2) Highly Perceptual Visual probing 20
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Kinesthetic probing 3) Usually Involves Projection 4) Inside and outside processes are tightly coupled 5) Often involves physical or mental simulation or constructure . 6) Simulation and Projection are hard, so interaction is usually a part of thinking 7) Cognition is mediated by external things 8) With the right structures and movements we can push our thoughts forward faster Collective Intelligence - Swarms, Cultural Cognition, D-Cog The Borg and Transhumanism Uses crowdsourcing Swarm behavior can solve difficult problems with simple solutions Swarm interaction plus distributed cognitionz Distributed cognition is superset of swarms intelligence Main Idea: Collective Behavior from simple local interactions Simple local interactions can produce complex and purposeful group behaviors No leaders, social hierarchy, explicit program the group is following Collective behavior that is smart and adaptive can be the outcome of locally non- smart acts, just through reacting to local events Collective behavior can emerge without inter-agent communication Stigmergy : traces of past actions can lead to creation of structure in environment without direct signaling Flocking^ : attention to local features lead to global coordination and emergent behavior Swarming : large groups without explicit signaling produces results individuals cannot achieve Biological collectives: enormous numbers of cooperating entities, that can
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