Packing cost includes both cost of primary and secondary packing required for transfer/ dispatch of the goods used for captive consumption. 5.9 Absorption of overheads Overheads shall be analysed into variable overheads and fixed overheads . Variable Overheads are the items which change with the change in volume of production, such as cost of utilities etc. Fixed overheads are the items whose value does not change with the change in volume of production such as salaries, rent etc.
Cost Accounting Standards and GACAP 106 COST AND MANAGEMENT AUDIT The variable production overheads shall be absorbed in production cost based on actual capacity utilisation. The fixed production overheads and other similar item of fixed costs such as quality control cost, research and development costs, administrative overheads relating to manufacturing shall be absorbed in the production cost on the basis of the normal capacity or actual capacity utilization of the plant, whichever is higher. 5.10 Valuation of Stock of work-in-progress and finished goods Stock of work-in-progress shall be valued at cost on the basis of stages of completion as per the cost accounting principles. Similarly, stock of finished goods shall be valued at cost. Opening and closing stock of work-in-progress shall be adjusted for calculation of cost of goods produced and similarly opening and closing stock of finished goods shall be adjusted for calculation of goods despatched. In case the cost of a shorter period is to be determined, where the figures of opening and closing stock are not readily available, the adjustment of figures of opening and closing stock may be ignored. 5.11 Treatment of Joint Products and By-Products A production process may result in more than one product being produced simultaneously. In case joint products are produced, joint costs are allocated between the products on a rational and consistent basis. In case by-products are produced, the net realisable value of by-products is credited to the cost of production of the main product. For allocation of joint cost to joint products, the sales values of products at the split off point i.e. when the products become separately identifiable may become the basis. Some other basis may be adopted. For example, in case of petroleum products, each product is assigned certain value based on its certain properties, may be calorific value and these values become the basis of apportionment of joint cost among petroleum products. 5.12 Treatment of Scrap and Waste The production process may generate scrap or waste. Realized or realizable value of scrap or waste shall be credited to the cost of production. In case, scrap or waste does not have ready market and it is used for reprocessing, the scrap or waste value is taken at a rate of input cost depending upon the stage at which such scrap or waste is recycled.
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- Fall '16
- Cost Accounting, cost audit, cost auditor