For my part i am inclined to think that such a power

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for my part, I am inclined to think that such a power is not to be distributed either to a diseased stomach or to a disordered brain. On the contrary, it is the healthy soul and not the sickly body that has the power of divination. The stoics, for example, establish the existence of divination by the following process of reasoning: - if there are gods and they do not make clear to man in advance what the future will be, then they do not love man; or they themselves do not know what the future will be - or they think themselves do not know what the future will be or they think that it is of no advantage to man to know what it will be, - or they think it inconsistent with their dignity to give man forewarning of the future
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- although they are gods, they cannot give intelligible signs of coming events If there are gods and - they love us - they are not ignorant of the future - they know that the knowledge of the future would be useful for us - it is not beneath their majesty to communicate with us - they know how to communicate with us then divination exist. If there are gods, then divination is real and if divination is real then there are gods 8.2 Epicureanism Epicurus (341 -270 BC) ; Lucretius (1 st C BC) ; Zeno the Stoic (334-262 BC) - All that exists is atoms (first beginnings) and void - Atoms possess only weight, shape and motion Lucretius “the universe in it essential nature is composed of two things, namely matter and the void in which matter is located and move in every direction. The existence of matter is proved by universal sensation” - Ethical problem of fear – Epicureanism promises a ‘cure’ Lucretius: “the fact is that all mortals are in the grip of fear, because they observe many things happening on earth and in the sky and being at a complete loss for an explanation of their cause, suppose that a supernatural power is responsible for them” - Gods are also made of atoms and are above caring about you - Soul is likewise atomic and can be divided - “death is nothing to me” - atomic motion tends to be “down” o then why is everything not falling? o Space infinite (spear-at-the-edge-of-the-cosmos experiment) o Multiple worlds “the universe in its essential nature is composed of two things, namely matter and the void in which matter is located and moves in every direction. The existence of matter is proved by universal sensation” L - The existence of matter is proved by universal sensation; and unless in the first place trust in sensation is established as an unshakeable foundation, there will be no criterion t which we can refer in the case of things hidden from view in order to verify any matter by reasoning - Sense perception of the criterion of knowledge’ - All perceptions are true (dreams, gods, monsters) is “intromissionist” o Problem of judgement - But how can we know about atoms, which by definition we cannot see 1. We know things we have seen but are not seeing now because a. They were witnessed b. They are not being/have not been counterwitnessed 2. We know things we cannot see because a. They have not been counterwitnessed which counts for them as verification
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