Responses to crisis- history, theology, philosophy Notes

The world set free 1913 atomic bomb involved in a war

This preview shows 6 out of 9 pages.

The World Set Free (1913) Atomic bomb involved in a war against Germany World would be set free because it would lead to a world government Orgy of destruction would lead to peace o 1932, discovery of the neutron o Leo Szilard Hungarian Comes up with the concept of a chain reaction (and the notion of critical mass) Some kind of process that would release neutrons and that more of them would be released by the chain reaction Might be possible if we knew how to get it started o Enrico Fermi Kicked out of Italy in 1938 and winds up at Columbia University in NY o 1938 Intersection of the atomic bomb and the Holocaust November 9: Frankfurt Synagogue destroyed Otto Hahn and Lise Meitner (Sweedish) Certain isotope would split and release a great deal of energy December 19: discovery of fission Discovered in Germany Implementation, 1939-45
Image of page 6

Subscribe to view the full document.

o Einstein writes a letter to Franklin Roosevelt to let him know of the risks of the possibility of an atomic bomb o Fall 1941, nuclear research begins in US Decides to put a massive effort if such a nuclear weapon could be built o Just a little bit over a year later, December 1942: first chain reaction Done under the football stadium at the University of Chicago No human had ever created a new chemical element: plutonium (Glen Seaborg) o Nuclear fusion Use an atomic explosion to heat up a simple element like hydrogen to fuse together and form a more complex atom Similar to what is being done with the sun all the time Thermonuclear reaction or a hydrogen bomb Edward Teller Continued into the Cold War Build and test hydrogen bombs One is not built during WW2 but studies are being done then o Los Alamos, New Mexico Bombs are being built Secret scientific community there Tight security and secrecy but complete free change within the scientific borders July 16, 1945: first test When it occurred, parts of the uranium bomb were already on their way to the Pacific o Heirosheima o Nagasaki, plutonium bomb The German project Person at the center of this story is Heisenberg o Once he had become rehabilitated by the SS wanted to prove himself to German government o Throws himself into the project o He is making speeches that the atomic bomb is practical o Cultural tours to occupied countries (Denmark, Holland…) that fighting for Germany is a worthwhile cause Bohr o Taken to Sweden, then England, then ends up at Los Alamos working for the US
Image of page 7
Germans were not successful where the Americans were o Not a critical mass of scientists working o Hitler—art took presidence over science (artists were not going to the draft where as scientists were) Scientists’ reactions Bohr wanted to use the bomb to regulate war and prevent it form happening Story of the bomb does cement big government to power Science is no longer aligned with “the good”—easily aligned with death and destruction EXISTENTIALISM 2 (11/3) Background: the 1930s Pink Decade Unemployment rates at 20% At least twice as bad at what we’re experiencing today
Image of page 8

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 9
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern