Century choson four seven debate over reconcile

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centuryChosonFour-Seven Debate over reconcile feelings/emotions with reality/being, T’oegye-importance of i (principle), personal experience & moral self-cultivation, Yi I (Yulgok)-empahsis on ki (matter), intellectual & external experience, both complimentary, economic impact, change in family system/women’s social standing, characterized much of society in terms of social behaviors and government roles25. Sin Saimdang (1504-1551)Daughter of Lady Yi-famous Yi family inheritance document (received equal share), painter, calligrapherMother of Yulgok, on 50,000 bill, role model of ideal Confucian female16thcenturyChosonMarried at 19, continues to live with her family, husband goes to take position, has visionof sea spirit, gives her baby birth of Yulgok (Yi I)–child shows amazing talent from young age, takes civil service exam and passes at age 13, ritual heir (reflects trend of women’s changing social standing, not fit to lead ancestral rites), on 5000 bill, represents
the early freedoms and higher status women enjoyed in early Choson (since she was given the inheritance)26. Imjin Wars/Hideyoshi Invasions (1592-1598)Korean Admiral Yi Sunsin was Korea’s greatest military hero, led Korean navy to key victoriesJapanese invasions led by Hideyoshi to conquer Ming China by going through KoreaLate 16thcenturyChosonYi Sunsin jailed, sentenced to death for incompetence, treason, but allowed to return to fight later, use of turtle boats-first ironclad battleship, factionalism created many disputes regarding court’s responses, Righteous Army guerrilla bands attacked Japanese27. Yangban“two orders”: civil and military officialsElite upper class, traditional ruling class/nobles of dynastic Koreamid-Choson era (17th/18thcenturies)ChosonDemonstrated stratification of Choson society, higher ranking than Chungin (middle class) and lower class, joined peasants and slaves in the Righteous Armies combating invaders28. Policy of ImpartialityInstituted by King YongjoRequired appointment of officials without regard to factional affiliation18thcenturyChosonAttempt at reducing conflict caused by factionalism (political strife) strengthen royal authority, achieve political stability29. In-law government (sedo chŏngch’i, 19thc)WhoWhat19thcenturyChosonWhy30. Practical Learning (Sirhak), Northern Learning’s “Utility for the greater good”Hong Taeyong, Pak Chiwon , Pak Chega visited China, became key figures in Northern Learning movementSirhak-concern for practical matters, Pukhak-solve problems practically and logically, based on Ch’ing Chinese model, Pukhak part of wider Sirhak movementLate 18thcenturyChoson

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