A talk is to acknowledge what the trainees have been

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a talk is to acknowledge what the trainees have been exposed to prior to this presentation and to address what information will follow. Body The information presented should flow in a logical way. The message should not be overloaded. A few well-developed points are more effective than too many. Conclusion A summary of the main points should be made. Trainees can be asked what specific action should be taken following this course. Close with a strong final statement. New information should not be presented at this time. A trainer has the attention of the participants primarily at the beginning and end of a session. Therefore, for greatest impact, it is good practice to make key points in the introduction of the topic and to summarize them again at the end. An adage often used to advise public speakers says: “Tell them what you’re going to tell them, tell them, and tell them what you told them.” SELECT TRAINING METHODS Once the training content has been outlined and the messages have been identified, training methods can be selected. A training method is a strategy or tactic that a trainer uses to deliver the message so that the trainees achieve the objectives of the programme (Wentling, 1993). One or more training methods can be used in the presentation of a message. It is good to use a variety of training methods throughout a training course to maintain the interest of the trainees. Factors to consider when selecting a training method Size of audience: 9 Larger audiences often require more formal training methods with less audience participation Maintaining attention through interaction: 9 Methods that involve the trainees in the instruction have the advantage of maintaining attention and involving all participants Variety: 9 Selection of different types of methods often maintains the interest of trainees Available resources/infrastructure: 9 Where resources are limited, the opportunity to use resource intensive techniques, such as field visits and demonstrations, may also be limited Duration of the training session and amount of information to be covered in it: 9 Methods that involve discussion and casework take longer than more lecture-oriented methods Experience of the trainer: 9 The trainer must be comfortable using the chosen method Training aids required to support each method and the time and resources to prepare 9 and use them
Chapter 4 – Module 2 – Preparing and organizing the training content 161 Lecturing is the most frequently used method for delivering a message. There are, however, a variety of other techniques for conveying information to trainees. These are described in Table 1. Lecture Mostly an oral presentation, but may be supplemented with visual aids or handouts The technique is generally confined to presenting only the expert’s point of view Often used because it is easier to organize and a great deal of information can be presented in a short period of time Useful when there is a large group of trainees Lecture/ Discussion

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