Accident and Loss Statistics_Formulas

Recordable cases are those involving an occupational

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RECORDABLE CASES are those involving an occupational injury or occupational illness, including deaths. Not recordable are first aid cases which involve onetime treatment and subsequent observation or minor scratches, cuts, burns, splinters, etc., which do not ordinarily require medical care, even though such treatment is provided by a physician or registered professional personnel. NONFATAL CASES WITHOUT LOST WORKDAYS are cases of occupational injury or illness which did not involve fatalities or lost workdays but did result in (1) transfer to another job or termination of employment, or (2) medical treatment other than first aid, or (3) diagnosis of occupational illness, or (4) loss of consciousness, or (5) restriction of work or motion.
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CHE – 4284/5292 Industrial Safety Accident and Loss Statistics Concepts and Formulas TABLE 1-3 ACCIDENT STATISTICS FOR VARIOUS SELECTED INDUSTRIES Industry OSHA Incidence Rate (Cases involving days away from work and deaths) FAR (deaths/10 8 hours) Chemical 0.49 4.0 Vehicle 1.08 1.3 Steel 1.54 8 Paper 2.06 Coal Mining 2.22 40 Food 3.28 Construction 3.88 67 Agricultural 4.53 10 Meat Products 5.27 Trucking 7.28 TABLE 1-4 FATALITY STATISTICS FOR COMMON INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES Activity Voluntary Activity FAR (deaths/10 8 hours) Fatality Rate (Deaths per person per year) Staying at home 3 Traveling by Car 57 17 x 10 -5 Bicycle 96 Air 240 Motorcycle 660 Canoeing 1000 Rock Climbing 4000 4 x 10 -5 Smoking (20 cigarettes/day) 500 x 10 -5 Involuntary Activity Struck by meteorite 6 x 10 -11 Struck by lightning (U.K.) 1 x 10 -7 Fire (U.K.) 150 x 10 -7 Run over by vehicle 600 x 10 -7
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CHE – 4284/5292 Industrial Safety Accident and Loss Statistics Concepts and Formulas Acceptable Risk: Every chemical process has a certain amount of risk associated with it. Risk cannot be eliminated entirely. Public Perceptions: The general public has great difficulty with the concept of “acceptable risk”. The major objection is due to the involuntary nature of acceptable risk. The public opinion and the media put a great demand concerning safety and loss prevention in the chemical plants. Nature of the Accident Process: Typical types of accidents that occur in the Chemical Plants are: fire, explosion, and toxic release.
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