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smoking and dietCognitive psychologists are likely to study all but which of the following topics?development across the life spanHigh consumption of saturated fat is linked to what types of cancer?prostate and colorectalAlexander Graham Bell studied the human ear and noticed how sounds were transmitted when a membrane (the eardrum) vibrated. He applied this knowledge to the development of the telephone, using a similar process of vibration of a membrane. Which cognitive process did Bell demonstrate?AnalogyWhat are the smallest units of meaning in a language?morphemesDivergent thinking isconceiving of new ways of viewing situations and new uses for familiar objects.Who developed an artificial language based on plastic chips and trained a chimp to communicate with these chips?David PremackSpearman proposed that intelligence is composed of
a general factor he termed "g" and other specific abilitiesThe rules governing proper use of words, phrases, and sentences to convey meaning are calledgrammarCelia is a juror at a trial. Based on her reading of newspapers, Celia has already decided that the defendant is guilty. She sticks to her decision even when the defense attorney presents strong contradicting evidence. Celia is demonstratingconfirmation bias.Tom's parents have just been told that Tom has dyslexia. What does this mean?He has impaired ability in reading.Dr. Fabiano wishes to assess the reliability of an intelligence test he recently developed. Fabiano chooses the test-retest method of assessing reliability. What will Dr. Fabiano have to do?Give the test to a group of subjects and the re-administer it to the same subjects after a short time interval.When people fail to solve the "box-candle" and "two-string" problems presented in the text, they may bedemonstratingfunctional fixedness.The belief that language affects how we think was first developed by ______, and this idea is presented in the _____.Whorf; linguistic relativity hypothesis.Which cognitive bias best describes our tendency to judge people based on first impressions?the representativeness heuristicAs cited in the text, many of Albert Einstein's creative insights involved the use ofmental imagery.In Sternberg's model of intelligence, creative intelligence includesinventing and designing.A heuristic isa mental shortcut for solving a problem.A deviation IQ is an IQ score based onthe difference of a person's test score from the norms for that person's age group.Stan does not realize that his stapler can be used as a paper weight. This is an example of ____.functional fixedness
According to the text, which of the following definitions best describes intelligence?the capacity to think and reason clearly and to act purposefully and effectively in adapting to the environmentYour best friend takes and IQ test and tells you that s/he scored "average." Generalizing from the normal distribution of IQ scores, you know that your friend's scorefell somewhere between 85 and 115.