choices man must be able to identify what is good or evil by having a standard of value. Rand explains that survival is what methods or goals are required for the survival of a rational being through an entire lifetime. Since Rand believes that reason is the basis means of survival, that which helps the life of a rational being is the good, and that which destroys it is the evil. In this way I believe that Rand would oppose egoism as a moral theory because egoist cannot be objective and therefore would not be able to meet the basic needs of survival. I do agree that man needs to be objective in order to survive. I believe that without objective man would not be able to continue to survive because they would be stuck at an impasse in the face of conflict. I also believe that man must have a standard of value over what is right and wrong in order to survive and thrive as a species. 3. What are Mill’s two principles of economic distribution? a. Since he considers both principles of equal moral worth how does he propose to resolve the issue? b. Do you agree with his solution? Why or Why not? John Mill has two principles of economic distribution. The first is that there must be equality in the assignment of basic rights. Mill states that society must give them the rights and be able to protect the basic rights. The second is the economic inequalities are just only if they result in compensating benefits for everyone. This means that we are able to justify taking from one in order to help everyone else, especially those who are less fortunate. Mill states that justice has two sides which are both equal right but impossible to bring together. He believes that one must look to decide what the individual needs and what the community should give. Mill believes
that social utility can decide the preference. This means that whichever helps the greatest amount of people should
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read both pages?
- Spring '11
- Ethics, Distributive justice, moral principle