Cuban government leads an unsuccessful attack against

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Cuban government leads an unsuccessful attack against De sores o In Response, De sores slaughters the prisoners and burns down the town in Havana “ Sacking of Havana”1555 Desores had a religious element of his attacks Viewed the catholic Spanish as enemies Raids are to stamp out non protestant beliefs Desecrates the churches before burning them down How Does Spain Respond? - Begins transporting cargos in fleets ( flota/fleet) sailing in tandem and have a schedule - Two fleets: o New Spain Seville Vera Cruz Havana o Tierra Firme Seville Cartagena Panama Havana - Ships are vulnerable, travelling in Hurricane season, Spain loses vessels over the year due to Hurricanes o 1715: loses a lot of treasure due to a Hurricane where the golden age of piracy is based on - When others find out about their schedule, they plan and then attack o Area becomes a beacon for pirates as a result
Spanish new World Fortresses - 1520-1560s - Substantial sums are devoted to building up defense - Areas: o Castillo San Felipe de Barajs, Cartagena, Columbia o Castillo San Felipe del Morro, San juan, Puerto Rico - Costs Spanish crown a lot of money to maintain these forts - Spain is still receiving annual supplies of treasure - Overseas empire looks impression - Problem: the further you get, the more prone the administration become corrupt - But there’s still other ports that are vulnerable to individual campaign Improving the Defense of Spain by Pedro Menendez de Aviles in the mid 16 th C - Proposed o fortifying the principal harbors in Spain o The creation of squadrons and Flotilla to patrol the Caribbean o The fortification of Florida o Use of powerful men-of-war to escort the treasure fleets and even serve as treasure ships - Was responsible for the capture of more than 50 pirates, privateer and interloper vessels La Caroline/ Fort Caroline, Florida - French build a settlement so Spanish hear about it and get really mad - Force under Pedro Menendez De Avile (1564/65) sails and establishes a base at St. Augustine (30 miles to the south of La Caroline) o French hear about it and do a sneak attack but they are caught in a hurricane o Menendez marches to la Caroline ( its not defended because they got caught in a hurricane) o Menendez tells them to convert or they are killed [ Matanzas River] Queen Elizabeth I ( 1533- 1603) and John Hawkins ( 1532- 1595) - English ships arrive in Caribbean to trade - English and Spain have an alliance against France - But Elizabeth I ( a protestant) sees Spain as an enemy - John Hawkins trying to make money in Spain o In command of an expedition from West Africa, and attempts to trade his slaves to a Spanish plantation [ but this isn’t allowed under Spanish law] o He doesn’t go into the principal port o Goes directly to the plantation owners (where the rules aren’t really followed) and he meets no resistance o Returns to England a wealthy man o In 1565: queen offers him a warship in exchange for some profit from the voyage
She’s basically encouraging this

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