No organic materials so dates questionable Huaca Prieta Peru 15000 cal BP 13050

No organic materials so dates questionable huaca

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site) implied not a hunting site, but a lot of processing like scraping hides. No organic materials so dates questionable. - Huaca Prieta, Peru: 15,000 cal BP, 13,050 cal BC - Excavated for 5 years, Tom Dillehay later excavates it finding burnt areas, marine and terrestrial foods, only 10-20km from ocean, sharks, sea lion bones, shellfish hooks, wild plants (avocado, beans, squash) no hunting. Very simple tools - Triquet, BC: 14,0000 year ago - Coopers ferry, Idaho 16-13 Cal BP UNCALIBERATED MORE RECENT THAT CALIBRATED - MONTE VERDE SITE, CHILE: Inland. Not far from original coastline. 14500- 13,500 cal BP. earlier than Clovis. Bogs- preservation is GREAT. Tom Dillehay worked at site 1977 - 1985. Footprints found, structures found, chewed up seaweed balls, animal bones - Older occupations in the area? Cobble tools - Huts, 30-50 people per hut, 60 feet long, harth in each room, wood piles still stacked, variety of tools (digging sticks, wooden spears, maskadon tusk gouges, stone hunting, diet of large game, like mastadon, old llamas, small animals, shell fish and fish from the streams near by. As well as trading with the coast, like sea weed. Enough seasonal resources, so less likely to have been travellign much. Very familiar with the resources, smart people. - Very similar to Venezuelan “El Jobo” points. - Not similar to any point of types in North America during Pleistocene Early South American Projectile Points: El Jobo points, Taima, Venezuela Paijan Points, Quebradas del Batan and Talambo, North Coast Peru Fishtail Points, Fell’s Cave, Chile How did they get here?: - Bering land bridge - Beringia existed before 60,000 BP - Again at 28,000 to 12,000 BP (so no travel could have happened between these 2 periods) - People coming from SIBERIA
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- Glacier free grassland - Occupation from 30,000 BP + - No good clovis antecedent - Haplogroup x - Pacific coast Cordilleran and Laurentian ice sheets: - Ice free corridor after 15,000 BP - Coastal route? - Knut Fladmark - Maritime adaptation **** needles, cave art, boats ,etc. Blowback in the articles: No indigenous voices, racist portrayal Movie: standford and bradley- - Atlantic coast TEST: Textbook: appendix A (terminology) Appendix knots, chapters 1 2 3 4, lornic article (Canadian archaeology how it is done) primary documents (on the one I read) Archaeology in Canada, method + theory framing of the charles mann book, inka aztec, what canadians think of arch, peopling, BIG QUESTIONS: INKA aztec are they an empire? 3 proposed routes the Americas? Did you think documentary was good? Why and why not? RADIO CARBOB DATING: CALIBRATION***** only works so far back Relative dating vs absolute dating Textbook focuses on: demography ( people, how many) AZTEC chapter, depopulation thru disease, Holmbergs mistake, DESCRIBE HIS MISTAKE Biases in documents, motivations
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  • Fall '19
  • Aztec, Radiocarbon dating, Mexico City, Models of migration to the New World, Clovis culture

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