5 be honest with yourself as well as with others 6 do

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5. Be honest with yourself as well as with others. 6. Do not avoid risks. 7. Believe in yourself. 8. Take the offense rather than the defense. 9. Know the ways of disagreement and the means of compromise. 10. Be a good follower. 183
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Chapter 12: Leading in a Dynamic Environment REVIEW QUESTIONS AND SUGGESTED ANSWERS 1. (Learning Objective 1) Define leadership. How important is good leadership to an organization? Leadership is defined broadly as a responsibility and a process that is an observable, understandable, learnable set of skills and practices available to everyone, anywhere in the organization. More specifically, leadership is the ability to influence people in ways that inspire them to pursue goals that benefit the organization. Leadership is very significant to organizations of all kinds. Leadership involves creating a vision of the future, devising a strategy for achieving that vision, and communicating the vision so that everyone understands and believes in it. 2. (Learning Objective 2) Explain the trait focus of leadership. Is this focus successful in identifying people who will be effective leaders? The trait focus of leadership is based on the assumption that some people have certain physical characteristics, aspects of personality, and aptitudes that cause them to be successful leaders. Research has found that particular sets of traits do not guarantee successful leadership. It was also assumed that leaders were born with the traits that led to success. This is probably not true. Rather, many of these characteristics and traits can be learned, or at least improved and developed, so that other people could also acquire traits that would help them be successful leaders. Finally, successful leadership also includes the skill to apply the appropriate characteristic or trait to the situation; one trait or set or traits won’t always work regardless of the situation. 3. (Learning Objective 3) Explain the base of legitimate power of a leader. Legitimate power is the most direct form of position power. While the other forms of position power, coercive, reward, and informational, are based upon the position that one hold in an organization, legitimate power refers directly to the position. It therefore includes the other forms of position power. For example, it is assumed that a certain manager, say the Chief Financial Officer, has a set of powers that come with his or her position. Most people will automatically accept that. Therefore, the power is taken to be legitimate. 4. (Learning Objective 4) Explain what is meant by self-leadership and why it is important to organizations. Sometimes referred to as followership, self-leadership is a paradigm founded on creating an organization of people who are ready to lead themselves. People who are self-leaders would motivate themselves, be committed to the organization and its goals, be willing and ready to work for the betterment of the organization, and would take responsibility for their own actions, development and careers. Therefore, self-leaders would contribute very highly to the organization. They would be very valuable.
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