smoother interpersonal relationships and sacrifice exact meaning External or

Smoother interpersonal relationships and sacrifice

This preview shows page 8 - 17 out of 31 pages.

smoother interpersonal relationships and sacrifice exact meaningExternal or outsider communication and internal or one-of-us communication proceeds on different levels
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionTranscultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionCommunications ContinuedInteracting levelParticipating levelConforming levelAdjusting levelUnderstanding and acceptance levelGetting involved levelBeing one with level
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionTranscultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionCommunications ContinuedAn exclusive “we” and an inclusive “we”Eye contact varies with age, education, and acculturationMany ways to say yes, but how do you say no?
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionTranscultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionCommunications ContinuedRespect the past, enjoy the present, and hope for the futureFilipino time for social events, clock time if really important events, business, and work usuallyMany names are Spanish in originOne of the middle names is the mother’s maiden name
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionTranscultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionFamily RolesMatriarchal before Spanish, then Patriarchal, now more egalitarian in decision makingGender neutral pronouns causing confusion with he and she in English Respect is a dominant family value and older children may assume the role of parent
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionTranscultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionFamily Roles ContinuedHonor and care for parents or brings shame to the familyNuclear family is dominant although polygamous families exist among Moslem FilipinosExtended family members are importantEducation is paramount for children and parents sacrifice so at least one child will become educated and help the others if necessary
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionTranscultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionFamily Roles ContinuedRespect is shown to elders with deferential behaviorGrandparents become surrogate parents for their grandchildren in the United States especiallyAdvance degree brings higher social status
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionTranscultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionFamily Roles ContinuedFilipino organizations targeted to gays and lesbiansChastity is valued premaritallySingle parenting becoming more common in the United States
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Transcultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionTranscultural Health Care: A Culturally Competent Approach, 3rd EditionBiocultural EcologyVarying skin tones of brown and tan with dark eyes, flat nose bridges, and mildly flared nostrilsMost are of smaller stature than European AmericansMore difficult to determine age than in European Americans because of youthful face
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