Theophrastus von hohenheim or paracelsus 1493 1541

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Theophrastus   von   Hohenheim,   or   Paracelsus   (1493 1541) Reform of alchemy and medicine Chemical (or alchemical) philosophy: Tapping into transformative power of nature and putting to use for human ends
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Paracelsus   as   Reformer   and   Iconoclast: Finding   knowledge   through   direct   engagement   with   nature   (not   texts) Experience   and   experiment:    manipulating   natural   substances   to   learn   about   and   harness   their   powers   (esp.   for   healing). “My   shoe buckles   contain    more   wisdom   than   both   Galen   and   Avicenna.”
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Tapping   into   Microcosm/Macrocosm   relations
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Three principles: Sulphur (combustibility, inflammability) Mercury (fluidity, smokiness, volatility) Salt (solidity, promotes coagulation) Paracelsian (al)chemical medicine
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“In the fire, the juice of all bodies is turned by art into a mighty billow, clear, and very potent.” (Nova Reperta, 1599)
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Paracelsus:    Doctrine   of   the   Fortunate   Fall   “The   knowledge   that   man   needs   was   not   yet   in   Adam   but   was   given   him   only   when   he   was   expelled   from   Paradise.” “It   is   God’s   will   that   nothing   remain   unknown   to   man   as   he   walks   in   the   light   of   nature;   for   all   things   belonging   to   nature   exist   for   the   sake   of   man.”
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  • Spring '13
  • Terrall
  • History, Avicenna, Alchemy, Aldrovandi, Theophrastus von Hohenheim