French Culture exam 2.docx

Persecution as he feared the conversion of the noble

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persecution as he feared the conversion of the noble class to be very threatening to his control and kingdom. Short Answer #2 The Hundred year’s war was started in 1337 over the right to rule the French Kingdom. It was a dispute between the House of Valois and the House of Plantagenet. Charles IV had died without a male heir, his sister Isabella of France tried to then claim her son Edward III of England who was Charles’ nephew the new king. However he was denied and the Frenchman Phillip VI was announced king. The treaty of Troyes was signed by Henry V and Charles VI it gave the Kingdom of France to the King of England. Both of these kings died shortly after and setup Henry VI to be the King of both England and France leaving Charles VII as a proxy King of France in a smaller area around Bourges. Joan of Arc helped restore some parts of the French Kingdom back to Charles.
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Short Answer #3 Gargantua in his letter to his son Pantagruel talks about how far education has come since he was a young boy. With the invention of the printing press it is much easier to learn and there is more knowledge available. With even the poorest and worst people now being more learned than the doctors of Gargantua’s times. The teachers are also better than when Gargantua was younger. His son has access to all types of books from different languages and forms of math like geometry and arithmetic. Montaigne states that it is not useful to learn all of these things. People basically just become a station that repeats all of the things they have read. They are shaped by these books and do not try and form their own opinion. Short Answer #4 Alexius I made an appeal to Pope Urban because the Turk’s invaded most of the Byzantine Empire and continually tried to invade what was left of the empire. Pope Urban agreed to help Alexius, it allowed for him to try and unify the eastern and western churches and gain more control over the barons. It also was a way for the Pope to get back Christianity most noble land. Whoever went on this crusade were said to be absolved of their sins for holy war. Politically Europe was given more influence in the east and culturally they gained impact on the Islamic world with their proximity to it.
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  • Fall '16
  • French, Protestant Reformation

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