Located throughout the country street gangs vary in size composition and

Located throughout the country street gangs vary in

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and weapons trafficking. Located throughout the country, street gangs vary in size, composition, and structure. Large, nationally affiliated street gangs pose the greatest threat because they smuggle, produce, transport, and distribute large quantities of illicit drugs throughout the country and are extremely violent. 21
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THE AFFECTS OF GANG VIOLENCE IN AMERICA 22 Chapter Three: Research and Design Methodology Design Methodology. This chapter provides a description of the procedures utilized for this project. Included in this are the sections describing the project’s purpose, design, subject population, and instrumentation used to collect data information. The methodology used for this project is a comparative analysis. Using a Matrix Method that organizes the material within the literature, aids in mapping out clear sections within the review that are useful for further analysis and discussion. According to Garrard (2007) the matrix method emerged as a response to the overwhelming amount of information in the health sciences, and the difficulties researchers and scholars have had in synthesizing it (Garrard, 2007). The Matrix Method involves the construction of a “review matrix” with a series of column topics that will be used to organize and present the materials reviewed for this study. The advantage of this method is its clear and concise presentation of the material, and it also offers the author the opportunity to compare the methods, scope, background, and conclusions of the different studies under review. It also, as Garrard notes, allows the author to take “ownership” of the lit review and to create a structure that is most appropriate to the source material (Garrard, 2007). Subjects No human subjects were used for this research. Operational Definition of Terms This study looks at the use of music therapy for at-risk, urban youth who have been exposed to or have committed acts of violence (Garrard, 2007) . Youth are defined here as between 12 and 18 years of age, whereas “urban” is defined as any individual that lives within the boundaries of a major U.S. metropolitan area. At-risk is a much more difficult term to define, since there is so much disagreement between different scholars, but for the purposes of this 22
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THE AFFECTS OF GANG VIOLENCE IN AMERICA 23 study, “at-risk” will be defined as a person or persons having been exposed to a threat, in this case, violence. Violence includes any of the following: Homicide, rape, attempted rape, gang violence and physical or emotional assaults/abuse (Garrard, 2007) . Data Analysis The data analysis section includes: healthcare providers using music with this population (social workers, counselors, and psychologists), music educators, creative arts modalities in the community, and music therapy. All four sections have a matrix model and description of participants’ experiences or data collection within the research project (Garrard, 2007).
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