epistemological perspective that problems are socially constructed and need to

Epistemological perspective that problems are

This preview shows page 133 - 136 out of 354 pages.

epistemological perspective that problems are socially constructed and need to be associated with a potential policy idea before they can become a policy solution. Social constructionism is further reflected in the in-depth case study methodology, including the nature of data collection, data analysis and data interpretation. As social constructionism rejects the idea that ‘truth’ can be found based on empirical data, the data collection includes interviews to obtain information about individual opinions and perceptions. The data analysis assumes that data cannot be grouped and analysed on the basis of numbers alone, but has to take into account that some information, such as a statement or submission by one participant, has to be given a higher weight than a statement or submission about the same issue made by another participant.
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120 Of particular importance is the epistemological perspective for the interpretation of the findings. The thesis emphasises that the findings reflect perceptions and interpretations of participants of the GAAP/GFS harmonisation agenda setting case and the researcher. This does not, however, mean that ‘anything goes’. To ensure the quality of research, criteria have been developed for qualitative, interpretive research. These are elaborated in section 5.4.2. The remainder of this chapter elaborates on the case study methodology and the methods that are employed within it. 5.3 AN INTERPRETIVE QUALITATIVE HISTORIC CASE STUDY JUSTIFICATION AND CLARIFICATION OF TERMINOLOGY 5.3.1 What is case study method and research design? There are multiple definitions of case study. A suitable definition of a qualitative oriented case study for the purpose of this thesis is provided by Orum, Feagin and Sjoberg (1991, p. 2): “A case study is here defined as an in -depth, multifaceted investigation, using quali tative research methods, of a single social phenomenon”. Orum et al.’s definition is suited to a qualitative research approach and emphasises the investigation of a single, rather than multiple phenomena. It does, however, not address aspects of the res earch design for case studies. For this purpose a combination of Yin’s (2009) and Orum et al.’s (1991) approaches is used to define the case study research method for this thesis: A case study is an in-depth, multifaceted investigation, using qualitative research methods, of a single social phenomenon within its institutional context, especially when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident. The case study inquiry copes with a technically distinctive situation in which there will be many more variables of interest than data points, relies on multiple sources of evidence with data needing to converge in a triangulation fashion, benefits from prior development of theoretical guidance for data collection and analysis;
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121 discusses the applicability of the theoretical model in this particular case, and potentially contributes to the extension or improvement of that particular theoretical model.
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  • Fall '13
  • Government, The Land, International Financial Reporting Standards, Financial Accounting Standards Board, Australian Accounting Standards Board, Snow

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