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In a longitudinal study that will follow children from kindergarten through high school and will collect information about illegal activities, which of the following confidentiality procedures would protect against compelled disclosure of individually identifiable information?Securing a Certificate of ConfidentialityWhen a focus group deals with a potentially sensitive topic, which of the following statements about providing confidentiality to focus group participants is correct?The researcher cannot control what participants repeat about others outside the groupA researcher fails to inform subjects about the risks and benefits of being in a focus group. Which of the following describes the ethical principle violated by the researcher? Respect for personsA researcher leaves a research file in her car while she attends a concert and her car is stolen. The file contains charts of aggregated numerical data from a research study with human subjects, but no other documents. The consent form said that no identifying information would be retained, and the researcher adhered to that component. Which of the following statements best characterizes what occurred? There was neither a violation of privacy nor a breach of confidentialityWhich of the following constitutes both a breach of a confidentiality (the research data have been disclosed, counter to the agreement between researcher and subjects) and a violation of subjects' privacy (the right of the individuals to be protected against intrusion into their personal lives or affairs)? A faculty member makes identifiable data about sexual behavior available to graduate students, although the subjects were assured that the data would be de-identified.An investigator is studying women recently admitted to a state prison. All potential subjects must have children under the age of five. Research subjects will be given a basket of toys to use at their children's first visit that the children can then take home. In assessing this proposal, the IRB needs to determine that the toys are:Not an excessive incentive.An investigator is examining the quality of life for prisoners who are HIV positive using surveys followedby interview. The IRB must ensure that:Confidentiality of the prisoners' health status is maintained.
When evaluating risks of harm IRBs must determine that Risks are reasonable in relation to anticipated benefits.According to the criteria for IRB approval, when considering equitable treatment of subjects, special care must be taken with which of the following populations? PrisonersWhich of the following statements about prison research is true?Researchers may study the effects of privilege upgrades awarded by the prison.