Applications increased year by year dramatically

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Applications increased year by year, Dramatically increase in recent years (1985-2000) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 1985 1987 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000
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Over 90% are foreign applications in 1985-1998 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 domesti c forei gn
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About 90% are foreign applications (1985-1998) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% domesti c forei gn
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Top 10 foreign countries in applying gene patent in China 1. USA 2. Japan 3. Germany 4. UK 5. Switzerland 6. Denmark 7. France 8. the Netherlands 9. Canada 10. Australia
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United States is the top country Account for 39.7% of total foreign applications in the period of 1985 to 1998
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Domestic application increased recently (1991-2001) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 domesti c forei gn
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Percentage of domestic/foreign application (1991-2001) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% domesti c forei gn
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United Gene Holding LTD A pharmaceutical company established by 2 prof essors from FuDan Univ. in 1997 Filed 240, 2940 and 188 applications in 1999, 200 0 and 2001, respectively Accounted for 25.6%, 85.3% and 34.3% of total annual application
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Most patents on genetic engineering are pharmaceutical (1985-2001) 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 pharmaceuti cal others
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Agriculture related patent application increased (1985-2001) 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 agri cul ture pharmaceuti cal others
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Agricultural patent occupy about 10% in overall (1985-2001) 0. 00% 10. 00% 20. 00% 30. 00% 40. 00% 50. 00% 60. 00% 70. 00% 80. 00% pharmaceuti cal agri cul tural i ndustry
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Protection of New Varieties of Plants in China
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Regulations on the Protection of New Varieties of Plants Issued on March 20, 1997; effective on October 1, 1997, 1978 version 23 April, 1999, 39th member country of UPOV Detailed regulations on the implementation of regulation, effective on 23 April, 1999
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Examining and approving authorities Jointly responsible by MOA and SFA The Ministry of Agriculture(MOA): grains, cotton, oil crop, hemp, mulberries, tea, sugar, vegetable, edible fungi, tobacco, fruit trees(juicy), herbaceous medicinal materials, herbaceous ornamental plants, grass, rubber tree, green manure. The State Forestry Administration(SFA): forest trees, bamboo, xyloid vine, ornamental woody plants, fruit trees(dry), woody oil-bearing, beverage plants, condiment plants, woody medicinal materials.
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Protected botanical genera and species of plants (MOA) The first batch issued on June 16, 1999 rice, maize, Chinese cabbage, potato, spring orchids, chrysanthemum, Pink, clover, grass The second batch issued on March 3, 2000 wheat, soybean, oil rape, peanut, tomato, cucumber, chili, pear, dock
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Protected botanical genera and species of plants (MOA) The third batch issued on Feb. 26, 2001 orchids, lily, bird of paradise, sealavender The fourth batch issued on Jan. 4, 2002 sweet potato, millet, peach, Litchi, water melon, cabbage, radish The fifth batch issued on July 14, 2003 broomcorn, barley, ramie, apple, citrus, banana, k iwifruit, grape, plum, eggplant
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Progress of plant variety right application (MOA) Office of Plant New Variety Protection, MOA 1061 applications received from April, 1999 to Aug., 2003 412 variety rights have been granted ( 39% ) No transgenic plants variety granted by PVP Rice and corn are 2 major crops: 77% in total applications and 80% in total rights granted 20% and 60% over total variety rights granted, respectively 50% of rice and 95% of corn are hybrids (planting area)
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Progress of plant variety right application (MOA) To strengthen the management, MOA
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