1 election is a sovereign eternal decree of god 23 2

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1.Election is a sovereign, eternal decree of God.232.Election is necessary due to man’s fall and total depravity. It reflects God’s grace, not man’s efforts.243.In election God effects salvation through the sending of the Savior and calling certain ones to salvation in Christ.254.Since eternity past, God has determined to predestine, call, justify and glorify the elect and to give provision or their salvation.265.Election and reprobation are individual, personal, specific, and particular. Romans 8 and Ephesians 1 emphasize the individual nature of election through the use of personal pronouns.276.Election’s goal is the glory of God.2821 Isaiah 64:6.22 Enns, 510.23 Romans 8:29.24 Romans 9:11.25 Ephesians 1:4-5, 11.26 Romans 8:29-30.27 Elwell, 371.28 Ephesians 1:6, 12.7
One should note that election has a strong biblical standing. The apostle Paul spoke of it on multiple occasions. However, this belief has led some to believe that God’s election removes the necessity of the preaching of the gospel. The reasoning for this is that if God has already elected a person, then they will find salvation, regardless of any other human action. This stands in contrast with commands from Scripture though. Christ told his disciples to be his witnesses and to make disciples.29Paul urged the preaching of the gospel of Christ, for, “ how are they to hear without someone preaching?”30Paul’s argument here is that Israel has refused God’s call on them to be His elect people. Thus, in His foreknowledge, God had predestined the Apostles to preach the Gospel so that elect Gentiles might hear and believe the call that God had determined in eternity past.31 This same principle applies to the elect today. Another argument against the belief in election is founded on 1 Timothy 2:4 and 2 peter 3:9, in which Paul and Peter both state that God desires that all men be saved. How then can He elect some and desire all? This argument will be dealt with in the next section. Limited AtonementBeside the concept of predestination and its corresponding concept of election, the concept of limited atonement carries immense debate, even among Calvinists. However, one must look to the source of the belief in order to determine whether it is right or wrong. Limited atonement carries numerous arguments for its defense. Six in particular find immense support from Scripture. 29 Acts 1:8.30 Romans 10:14.31 Wayne A. Brindle, Romans: Notes and Outlines, Rev. Ed. (Lynchburg: Liberty University School of Religion, 1997), 60.8
The first argument is that the Bible does qualify who will benefit from Christ’s death. First, Scripture states that Christ dies for “His sheep”32, “His church”33, “the elect”34, and “his people”35. Second, God’s designs can never be frustrated by humans. Logically then, if God had intended for all men to be saved through the death of Christ, then all wouldbe saved.

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