The man from thebes who emerged from the 11 th

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the man from Thebes, who emerged from the 11 th dynasty, has a falconheaded god, Mont. Power is seized by the 12 th , and their patron god is Amon, who is originally a local god from Thebes Amon gets fused with Ra: Amonra, now worshiped as a single deity, will become The god for the entire Egyptian history Political changes perception of Pharaoh pharaoh is still a god on earth, but in the middle kingdom, he becomes a somewhat more “down to earth” god he is actually expected to treat his subjects humanely he is seen, ideally, as the good Shepard of his people Ammenemes’ new capital at Itj-towy At the begin of 12 th dynasty, capital of Egypt is moved from Thebes to (just outside of Memphis) Itj-towy Move is done by the founding pharaoh of the 12 th dynasty City means: Ammenemes seizes the new land claims himself the rightful ruler of the reunited egypt reorganization of local government (nomes) this was done in order to marshal the resources of the various parts of Egypt, and also to keep the local nobilities in line he was concerned with keeping his line of succession
he makes his son(sesostris) as his behind co-regency of Sesostris I and when Amenenemes dies, he becomes Pharaoh Middle Kingdom literature Lit flourishes during the middle kingdom Lit produced is used as a model by Egyptian authors, centuries afterwards Story of Sinuhe One of the most popular Begins with the death of Amenemes the first (12 th dynasty) Bulk of the tale is about Sesostris, it’s an autobiographical account of Sinuhae, a member of the royal court When amenamedes is assinated, Sinuhe leaves (fleads) because scared to death goes to Asiatics received there w/ honor and taken in by a local ruler, marries his eldest daughter and gives him part of his kingdom his exile from Egypt constantly naws at him : stray bull in the midst of another herd when he gets recalled to Egypt by sesotris, he obeys the summon, although he doesn’t know what might happen to him happy ending in the end (sinuhe is escorted with happy greatings, given position at royal court, receives promotion, and finally, he achieves every Egyptian dream: his own pyramid Foreign policy (they are successful in different ways) Ammenemes I and the “Asiatics” ( Aamw ) Defeated the Nubians Annexes lower nubia to the 1 st cataract Sesostris III (r. 1878-1841) and Nubia ( Wawat , Cush) Extends the Egyptian domain all the way south to the 2 nd cataract Builds a string of boarder forts to strengthen him Denies travel of Nubians across the boarder
“they are retches, craven hearted, carried off their women, etc” Clearly, they didn’t want the Nubians to have freedom Despite this negative new of Nubians, he worshiped his gods in nubia: shows that the contents of the thing above was never translated to Nubian Summary: during the regin of susoris the third, conquests brings the entire region of the 1, 2 nd caratacts under Egyptian rule Nubia is important to Egyptians: resources (both stuff and manpower) Recruited for the army of the pharaoh’s army Crete ( Kftiw

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