355L Nose, Mouth, and Throat Study Guide-1-1

Ankyloglossia tongue tied a congentital defect a

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ANKYLOGLOSSIA- Tongue-tied; a congentital defect; a short lingual frenulum fixing the tongue tip to the floor of the mouth and gums- limits mobility and affects speech GEOGRAPHIC TONGUE- Migratory glossitis; pattern of normal coating interspersed with a bright red, shiny, circular bald areas with raised pearly borders. Patterns resemble a map and changes in a few days-insignificant and cause is unknown BLACK HAIRY TONGUE- (not really hair- but looks like it) it is the elongation of filiform papillae and painless overgrowth of mycelial threads of fungus infection on the
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tongue. Color varies from black-brown to yellow. Occurs after use of antibiotics, which inhibit normal bacteria and allow proliferation of fungus. FISSURED TONGUE- Scrotal tongue; Deep furrows divide the papillae into small irregular rows. The condition occurs in 5% of the general population and in Down syndrome. The incidence increases with age. (Vertical or longitudinal fissures also occur with dehydration because of reduced volume of the tongue) MACROGLOSSIA- enlarged tongue; the tongue is enlarged and may protrude from the mouth. The condition is not painful but may impair speech development. Occurs with Down syndrome, cretinism, myxedema, acromegaly. A transient swelling occurs with local infections.
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  • Fall '12
  • JenniferTalleff
  • Oral pathology, Conditions of the mucous membranes, Black hairy tongue

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