Current events in society ● Resources ○ How you can deal with the stressors Psychological approach ● Psychoanalysis ● Cognitive/behavioral Sociological approach ● Social stress ● Structural strain ● labelling Assumptions of sociological ● Current environment is most important, not past Sociological Perspective Terms & Concepts History ● Karl Marx: conflict theory ○ Conflict theory is a theory propounded by Karl Marx that claims society is in a state of perpetual conflict due to competition for limited resources. It holds that social order is maintained by domination and power, rather than consensus and conformity. ● Durkheim: sense of belonging --- social integration ○ Our connections to people prevent people from committing suicide ○ More suicide when Less Religiosity, not married, unemployed ○ Anomie ● What we learned from physical world ○ What happens to animals when we change animal's' environment? ■ Changed temp, changed odors ---> rats behaved diff ○ Physical conditions change the bodies responses ■ Put stress on the body --> causing us to make changes ● What we learned from the military? ○ Study combat and how changed physical/mental wellbeing ■ "shell shock" ■ Longer in combat, bigger risk for bad mental health Structural strain
● Merton ○ Macro approach --> what kind of things in society cause people to have to re-adjust and cope ○ " The origin of disorders lie in organizations of society " ○ Structural conditions like hard economic times cause major stressors and provoke mental illness ○ Ways of adapting ■ Conformists ■ Rebels ■ Change the system Labeling theory ● Popular in the 60's ● labeling theory is the view of deviance according to which being labeled as a "deviant" leads a person to engage in deviant behavior. Originating in Howard Becker's work in the 1960s, labeling theory explains why people's behavior clashes with social norms.
SOCIOLOGY OF MENTAL ILLNESS STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM #1 Finding from NCS and NCS-R Pg 107-the ncs used the CIDI to collect data from over eight thousand respondents ranging in age from fifteen to fifty four.There are two major shortcomings. 1) both surveys indicate that the lifetime prevalance of mental illness in the united states is relatively high, and it is no certain that is indeed the case.The NCS suggests that about half the population will suffer from some type of mental disorder at some time in their lives.Now it has been lowered to 32% in a new 2002 revision. 2) comparisons between the two surveys with respect to specific disorders do not always match.The ECA for example found significantly more alcohol abuse than the NCS,and the NCS found a greater prevalence of depression.The overall pattern of mental illness in both surveys were similar with a high consistency regarding the prevalence and pattern with respect to gender, race and other variables of mental disorders.