Diabetes work with your doctor on a treatment plan to

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Diabetes – work with your doctor on a treatment plan to manage your diabetes - Tobacco – if you don’t smoke, don’t start. If you do smoke, get help to quit - Unhealthy diet – eat a healthy diet, low in sodium and trans fat and high in fresh fruits and vegetables - Physical inactivity – the surgeon general recommends adults engage in moderate- intensity exercise for 2 hours and 30 minutes every week - Obesity – work to maintain a healthy weight CVD: 80% of deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. Mostly occurs in the mid-life thus affecting the socioeconomic status of the person, family and country. CVD Interventions/management - Access to medication o CVD drugs are widely available worldwide but remain expensive o Generic version could be cheaper to increase accessibility o Innovative public health research is in progress to improve access to CVD drugs to primary and secondary prevention - Education o About risk factors and policies o On healthy choices goes hand in hand with policy to help people make those choices
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Cancer and GBD - Cancer is quickly becoming one of the largest burdens of disease. IT has grown from the third leading cause of death to the second (CVD is first) - Every type of cancer saw an increase in incidence between 1990 and 2013 except for Hodgkin Lymphoma - Increase in incidence ranges from 9% (cervical) to 217% (prostate) Info-graphic of cancer - The disease accounts for 7.4 million deaths worldwide. It’s the leading cause of death worldwide causing around 13% of deaths worldwide. Leading types and their mortality rate - Lung – 1.3 million - Stomach – 803,000 - Colorectal – 639,000 - Liver – 610,000 - Breast – 519,000 Most frequent types of cancer worldwide MEN - Lung 31% - Prostate 10% - Colorectal 8% - Pancreatic 6% - Liver 4% WOMEN - Lung 26% - Breast 15% - Pancreatic 6% - Ovarian 6% More than 100 types of cancers and any part of the body can be affected In the developed world - 1 in 3 people with develop cancer during their lifetimes - 1 in 9 people have a risk of developing cancer again if they survived the first - 2 in 9 people have an increased risk of developing a secondary primary cancer - 70% of all cancer deaths occur in low and middle income countries - More than 30% of cancer could be prevented, mainly not by smoking tobacco, having a healthy diet, being physically active and preventing infections that may cause cancer. - Third of cancers could be cured if detected early and treated adequately Why have cancer cases increased globally? - Population is growing - Population is ageing - Cancer rates are increasing over time Global Cancer Prevention Strategies - Educate people to increase avoidance of common risk factors - Vaccinate against HPV (human papillomavirus) and HBV (Hep B) - Control occupational hazards
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- Reduce exposure to sunlight Mental Illness - Another form on non-communicable diseases. Many forms, and are still feared and misunderstood by many people leading to stigmatization - 10 facts o around 20% of the world’s children and adolescents have mental disorders or problems o mental and substance use disorders are the leading cause of disability worldwide o
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