Locke Second Treatise of Government

The right to property is what gave men want things

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The right to property is what gave men want things, which forces them to labour It is right that no man can actually enjoy or cultivate so much that others are affected by it However the introduction of money meant that people can gain more property than they can physically acquire “for it is labour indeed that puts the difference of value on every thing.” It is what gives things their value “though the things of nature are given in common, yet man, by being master of himself, and proprietor of his own person, and the actions or labour of it, had still in himself the great foundation of property” Money is used to make exchanges where one man has too much of one thing than he could use
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and trade it with something else that he wants or needs CH6: Of Paternal Power Children are not born in this full state of quality, through they are born to it. Though men are born equal, age or virtue may give men a just precedency Children are not goverened by laws because they cannot reasonably understand it Liberty is to be free from restraint and violence from others. So laws actually serve to preserve freedom rather than restrict it Men naturally want to take care of their offspring. It is a will that he must prescribe to Men are presumed free men because they can reasonably choose to prescribe to laws. If they do not develop the reason to do so they will not be let loose to their own free will when of age, but will be governed by others “A child is free by his father's title, by his father's understanding, which is to govern him till he hath it of his own.” Once that happens he is his own man However even when authority ceases, the child should nonetheless pay the same amount of honour to his parents due to them bringing the him up. This is the distinction between political and paternal powers, proving that the two are not one and the same The father also has the power to bestow his estates on his children, and this is often related to how obedient the child is It is easy for children to consent for the father's authority and government because that is the way they have been brought up knowing CH7: Of political or civil society God made men such a creature that he desires to be in a society, the most basic one being between men and wife, then family. However this is different from a political society. The reason that mankind forms families is because women can conceive before the first child grows up and thus they can both take care of the child In the Conjugal society man has no control over the life or property of his wife In civil society, the chief end if the preservation of property. Thus master and servant is part of civil society, whereas slaves are not because they have lost their liberty The legislative and executive power of civil society comes from the consent of its members to decide against offenses as their representative and use their executive power to do so Thus an absolute monarchy is not a civil society because they do not get to set up a body or authority to which men can appeal to when offended. The monarch wields absolute power. SO
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