Arm refers only to the UE between the shoulder and elbow two Lower Extremities

Arm refers only to the ue between the shoulder and

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Armrefers only to the UE between the shoulder and elbowtwo Lower Extremities (LE) consist of regions:femoral region (thigh), popliteal (posterior knee), crural (lower leg), tarsal (ankle), pedal (foot), digits (toes)Legrefers only to the LE between the knee and the ankle
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The Adult Female and Male Bodies (r. = region)
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Name of CavityAssociated VisceraMembranous LiningCranial cavityBrainMeningesVertebral canalSpinal cordMeningesThoracic cavityPleural cavities (2)LungsPleuraePericardial cavityHeartPericardiumAbdominopelvic cavityAbdominal cavityDigestive organs, spleen, kidneysPeritoneumPelvic cavityBladder, rectum, reproductive organsPeritoneum Body Cavities and Membranes:human body contains many body cavities each lined with a membranebody cavities contain internal organs or visceramajor body cavities and their viscera:cranial cavity – brainvertebral canal – spinal cordboth lined with membranes called meningesthoracic cavity – subdivisionsabdominopelvic cavityabdominal cavitypelvic cavityall lined by serous membranes that secrete lubricating serous fluidfilled with viscera(organs)
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Cranial Cavity & Vertebral Canalcranial cavitycontains the brainlined with meningesvertebral canalenclosed by the vertebral columncontains the spinal cordlined with meninges
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The Major Body Cavities
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Thoracic Cavitythe thoracic cavity is divided into subdivisions by a thick tissue called the mediastinummediastinumis the region between the lungs extending from the base of the neck to the diaphragmand contains visceraheart, major blood vessels, esophagus, trachea, thymusmediastinumdivides the thoracic cavity into 2 pleural cavities (lungs) and 1 pericardial cavity(heart)
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Thoracic CavityPericardium– two-layered membrane around the heartinner visceralpericardiumouter parietalpericardiumpericardial cavity betweenpericardial fluidPleuramembrane(secretes fluid) around the lungsinner visceralpleuraouter parietalpleurapleural cavity betweenpleural fluid
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Thoracic Cavity
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Abdominopelvic Cavitybrim of pelvis separates the abdominal and pelvic cavitiesabdominal cavity contains most of our digestive organs, and our kidneys and ureterspelvic cavity contains rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, and reproductive organsperitoneum – two-layered serous membrane in the abdominopelvic cavityinner visceralperitoneumouterparietal peritoneumperitoneal cavity between layersperitoneal fluid
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Abdominal Cavity
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Abdominal Cavityretroperitoneal: some of the organs in the abdominal cavity are located betweenthe peritoneum and dorsal body walltherefore, these organs are classified as not being inside the peritoneal cavity – they are behind the peritoneum retroperitonealadrenal glands, kidneys, urinary bladder, pancreas, and others
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Intraperitoneal Organs
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  • Spring '13
  • ToddPfander
  • cranial cavity, abdominopelvic cavity, Pelvic cavity, Peritoneal cavity

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