Other recommendations include eating healthy, exercising, monitoring body composition, avoiding tobacco, brush & floss teeth, moderate alcohol, respect personal risk factors, and check and manage blood pressure and cholesterol. What is cancer? Cancer is a disease when there is abnormal uncontrolled cellular growth in the body. It damages or changes DNA. Five general types of cancer Carcinomas are cancer in epithelia tissue such as skin, lining, organs, covering organs. Sarcoma is cancer in connective & muscle tissue such as bone, fat, within blood vessels, and connecting and supporting tissue. Lymphoma is cancer in the lymph node, spleen and bone marrow. Myeloma is cancer in the bone marrow. Leukemia is WBC formations in blood cells. Central nervous system cancers are cancers in the brain and spinal cord. Causes of cancer Genetic & biological factors that causes weakened protective genes, hormones – estrogen. Lifestyle factors such as physical activity, nutrition, obesity.
Infectious agents such as hepatitis B & C, HIV, HPV. Diagnosing and treating cancer Diagnosing cancer can be done through, MRI, CT scans, X-rays, ultrasound and biopsy. Treatments include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, gene therapy, nutrition, and bone marrow and stem cell transplants. Various types of cancers Lung cancer is tumors in the lungs and is the most common type. Risk factors include tobacco smoke, genetics, pollutants, and random factors such as radioactive gas, mining, soil, rocks, and underground water. Symptoms are often caught in the advance stage and include coughing, recurring bronchitis and pneumonia, and chest pain. Treatment is most commonly surgery if detected early, otherwise radiation or chemotherapy. Colon cancer is the second most deadly cancer. Risk factors include age over 50, bowel disorders, smoking & alcohol, hormonal contraceptives, genes, obesity, and aspirin and ibuprofen. Detection and symptoms include rectal bleeding, change in bowel habits, and stool blood test. Treatment is most commonly surgery or radiation and chemotherapy. Breast cancer is most common in women (1/7). Risks include genetics, obesity, increased estrogen, early menstruation, alcohol, late menopause, dense breast tissue, and first child under 30. Early detection can happen through mammography and clinical breast exam. Otherwise through
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- Fall '17
- Cheryl Kerns-Campbell