Application of force or tactical use of combat

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application of force or tactical use of combat support forces orcapabilities. Tactical control does not include organizationalauthority or authoritative direction for logistic or administrativesupport. The parent unit commander maintains this authorityunless otherwise specified in the establishing directive. Func-tional component commanders typically exercise TACON overmilitary forces or over capabilities made available to the JFC fortasking through functional component commanders. Tacticalcontrol may be delegated to commanders at any level at or belowthe level of combatant command and is inherent in OPCON.SUPPORT RELATIONSHIPSA senior commander establishes a support relationship betweensubordinate commanders when one organization should aid, protect,complement, or sustain another force. Support may be exercised bycommanders at any echelon at or below the level of combatant com-mand. Support relationships establish priorities to commanders andtheir staffs as they plan or execute joint operations. JP 1 describesthis relationship as follows:The support command relationship is, by design, asomewhat vague but very flexible arrangement. Theestablishing authority (the common superior [com-mander]) is responsible for ensuring that both the sup-ported [commander] and supporting [commanders]understand the degree of authority that the supported[commander] is granted.
MCWP 3-40.84-8The senior commander issues an establishing directive to guaran-tee both the supported and supporting commanders understandthe authority given to the supported commander. The establishingdirective specifies the purpose of the support relationship in termsof the desired effect and the scope of the action to be taken. It alsoshould include the following:zForces and resources allocated to the supporting effort.zTime, place, level, and duration of the supporting effort.zRelative priority of the supporting effort.zAuthority, if any, of the supported force to modify the support-ing force in the event of an exceptional opportunity or anemergency.zDegree of authority granted to the supported commander overthe supporting effort.The supporting commander fills the needs of the supported forcewithin his capabilities, based on the priorities and requirements ofother assigned tasks. The supporting commander determines theforces, tactics, methods, procedures, and communications neces-sary to provide the support. The supporting commander isresponsible for the following:zAdvises and coordinates with the supported commander on theemployment and limitations of his support.zAssists in integrating support into the supported commander’seffort.zEnsures his entire command knows the supported commander’srequirements.
Componency4-9Four categories of support are used within a combatant com-mand to better characterize the support that should be given:general, mutual, direct, and close.

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