Cardinals and Councils Curia and Camera Liberty Simony Celibacy Investiture

Cardinals and councils curia and camera liberty

This preview shows page 66 - 69 out of 84 pages.

Cardinals and Councils Curia and Camera Liberty (Simony, Celibacy, Investiture, Crusade) The "Holy Roman" Church laid claim to all Christians The "Holy Roman" Empire and the "Holy Roman" Church Universal Monarchy f#[email protected] Middle Ages Wednesday, November 5, 2014 8:54 AM HY 101 Page 72
Image of page 66
The Pope and his Bishops constituted a court in both the social and legal senses But also a social and political gathering Curia: a court, heard legal cases, settled disputes The Church collected tithes and tributes from other churches and powerful figures Camera: the financial arm of the church To achieve their claims to liberty, developed Curia and Camera Curia and Camera Contexts: Cities, Guilds Is it morally right for a Christian to make a profit in a time of famine by charging another Christian for grains There were new ethical and moral dilemmas about the place of merchants in a society The way people made money was viewed as being dirty, filthy Disputes over the profits of a given industry What are the rights of merchants and kings in a given dispute New demands, legal and moral dilemmas: Rights, contracts, money and markets They had (the Muslims) translated Aristotle's treatises into Arabic Christian peoples began to realize that the Muslim invaders were very well educated New Challenges: Islam; Aristotle and logic Education and Society c. 1200 Quality control Who was allowed in How the apprentices studied These guilds were rigorous in: In many of these guilds, there was a very distinct difference between the Masters (Magister) and the Apprentices Guild Structure (Magister) Gaining knowledge and truth, or Scientia You tried to understand their authority and learn from it All truths, and everything that was true within these ancient authorities could not be discounted The Bible, Augustine (the Caesars), Aristotle There was a very serious sense of the weight of tradition Authority and Scientia People would often begin with the Arts Faculties, and work their way up to the 'harder' faculties Basic geometry Grammar The overwhelmingly popular faculty within the Arts The works of Aristotle Logic Rhetoric Mathematics Geometry Astrology Music the Quadrivian: Arts: Theology Faculties: Arts; Theology, Law and Medicine The University HY 101 Page 73
Image of page 67
Core text, the Bible The works of Peter Lombar, who arranged passages of the Bible to expose contradictions Theology Worked from actual cases Law The works of Gaelan Medicine You were expected to master these, inside and out In all of these faculties, there was often one core text The goal was to Master the Authority, to become a master of a given Authority "Scholastic" Method Upon completing your faculties (in modern terms, receiving a doctorate) you now possessed incredibly rare skills A certain fame accompanied becoming a scholar of that caliber Lawyers, Physicians, Accountants Most people dropped out of their Faculties, but those who made it through become Careers Philosophy, the Arts Oxford Theology Paris Law Bologna
Image of page 68
Image of page 69

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 84 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture