Abnormal Psych - Final Study Guide

Elimination of performance anxiety and the spectator

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Elimination of Performance Anxiety and the spectator role Therapists focus sensual tasks, aka “petting” Sensate focus, Non-demand pleasuring Patients are told to limit sexual activities to kissing, hugging, or sensual massage of  various parts not including breasts or genitals Increasing sexual and general communication skills Communicating things that are pleasurable in a calm non dictating manner  Sexual position in which the person being caressed can dictate the speed pressure and  location of sexual contact Broad training on how to communicate Changing destructive lifestyles and marital interactions Change lifestyle Address things that have had harmful effects on the relationship Addressing physical and medical factors Identify and resolve Disease, injury, medication, or substance abuse,  Paraphilia Disorders in which individuals repeatedly have intense sexual urges or fantasies or  display sexual behaviors that involve nonhuman objects, children, non-consenting  adults, or the experience of suffering or humiliation. Fetishism Recurrent intense sexual urges, sexually arousing fantasies or behaviors that involve  the use of nonliving object often to the exclusion of all other stimuli Voyeurism Recurrent and intense urges to secretly observe unsuspecting people as they undress  or to spy on couples having intercourse  Characteristics and causes of pedophilia.
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Causes: Pedophiles are usually sexual abuse victims themselves Excessively punished or excessively deprived of close relationships  Some pedophiles acknowledge that there urges and desires are wrong/abnormal while  others do not and actually advocate the removal of the age of consents  These individuals usually have at least one more psychological disorder such as anxiety  or personality disorders.
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Chapter 14 02:31 characteristics of schizophrenia Unusual perceptions, odd thoughts, disturbed, emotions and motor abnormalities Psychosis A loss of contact with reality Hallucinations (false sensory perceptions) or delusions (false beliefs) positive and negative symptoms Positive Symptoms Are “pathological excesses” or bizarre additions to a person’s behavior  Delusions, disorganized thinking and speech, heightened perceptions and   hallucinations Delusions of persecution are most common among schizophrenics Believe they are being plotted and discriminated against, spied on, or deliberately  victimized Delusion of reference: attach special and personal meaning to the action of others or to  various objects or events Disorganized thinking and speech Formal thought disorders – can cause the sufferer great confusion and make  communication extremely difficult
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