Slave owners, because they talked themselves up. Because the north also depended on the south’s slave production to produce textiles. The planter aristocracy consisted of the small fraction of whites who owned at least forty or fifty slaves and 800 or more acres; they stood at the apex of society.Why did so few non-slaveholding whites oppose the slaveholding oligarchy?Where did these opponents live? They did work for the slave owners. They were the doctors or livestock farmers or did work for them in some way therefore were involved in the slave economy. The ones who opposed lived in the Appalachian mountains.non-slaveholding whites opposed the slaveholding oligarchy because they depended on the local plantation aristocracy for access to cotton gins, markets for their modest crops, and credit or other financial assistance in time of need. The "hill people" that lived in the Appalachian Mts opposed slaveholding as well.What were slave codes? What function did they serve? How were they applied, and what resulted from their violation? Codes saying they cant have property or be educated or leave without papers, go to church, testify against a white person (unless it was for another white person), etc. This was to control them and make sure they didn’t have a rebellion. Execution or beating them could be a result of violation, however most of the time they wouldn't want to damage them because they would see for less. So they would psychologically torture them and try not to leave any marks.What were the most widely recognized slave revolts? What effects did they have? Nat Turner, a slave preacher and his cohorts killed 60 white people, and 100 slaves were killed about it. Harriet Tubman, helped free hella slaves going back and forth between the north and south. Spread fear to slave owners, but hope to slaves.Chapter 12 Study Questions What major immigrant groups came to the United States during this period? What impact did they have on the character and distribution of the population in the North? Ireland and germany. They dramatically increased the population, and many big cities had more immigrants than foriegn bornThe irish and the germans. They brought disease and labor. The irish settled in cities and germans were farmers that created ethnic communities.What impact did this immigration have on the political system? Which partywas the most successful in attracting immigrant voters? Why? Democrats welcomed them in because they helped them find jobs
created nativism and anti immigration movements. Germans want a democracy. it createdthe native american party and the know nothings.Which area took the lead in canal development? What was the effect of thesecanals on that section of the country? How did other sections respond to this example?