In a context of heavy Mexican immigration skin color serves as a cue of

In a context of heavy mexican immigration skin color

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In a context of heavy Mexican immigration, skin color serves as a cue of ancestry, nativity, and in some cases, legal status Intragroup boundaries describe boundaries separating in-group members Social fissures within the Mexican-origin population High expectations about group authenticity from Mexican immigrants and young members of the second generation Mexican immigrants define “authentic” Mexican ethnicity Mexican Americans are treated as ethnic outsiders When they are unable to live up to the criteria for group membership that co-ethnics (intragroup members) impose, Mexican-Americans respond by avoiding them altogether and by challenging those who impose them 3/28/19 Chapter 14 Capitalism and the Economy Working in America Workers are more productive than ever, yet job insecurity is high As a result, many people are working longer hours, especially people at higher income levels, in order to prove loyalty or achieve marginal benefits Creative Class A category of workers in many different occupations and industries united by the fact that creativity is central to their productive work A fast-growing, well-paid segment of the workforce, which is now in high demand A Brief History of Capitalism The feudal system preceded capitalism in Europe This system began to change as early as the fifteenth century with the enclosure movement, which forced people off what had been public land and sent them looking for work in cities In the 18th century, new farming technologies led to an agricultural revolution Helped increase the population and the value of land Innovated manufacturing and transportation technology because of an increased labor pool to fill new jobs The agricultural revolution and industrialization changed society in specific ways From the barter to the use of legal currency to buy and sell goods
From agreements between individuals to contracts between corporations Theorizing the Transition to Capitalism Adam Smith believed... Competition helps maintain a cohesive society Specialization increases productivity and innovation Using money , rather than barter, makes trading more efficient Georg Simmel believed... Changing from piecework payment to wage labor and then to a salary would depersonalize exchange This was a great way to separate public and private spheres and give workers more freedom to enjoy the private, or leisure, sphere Karl Marx Stated that capitalism alienated workers from the products they produced, from the production process, from other workers, and from themselves and their creative tendencies Predicted both that capitalism would ultimately destroy itself and that the working class would rise against the capitalist class, leading first to a period of socialism and then to a period of communism Max Weber Linked the rise of capitalism to technology, ideas, and beliefs , as well as the Protestant Reformation Expressed concerns about capitalism because he thought people became

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