End of the war Battle of Yorktown: 1781 ● General Cornwallis goes to Yorktown to hideout and wait for reinforcement ● George Washington hears of and he calls French for back up ● General Cornwallis is cut off by French navy and on land they were blocked by the Americans
● 7,000 men are surrendered ● last battle Treaty of Paris 1783 ● British recognition of America as independent; legitimate if foreign powers consider independent ● Recognizing borders of mississippi river (don’t care about Native Americans) What happens to the loyalists? ● Go to Canada, England, or Carribean (Jamaica). ● Those who remained in America were mistreated. ● The social hierarchy had shifted. What happens to religions? ● Anglican suffer because they are seen as a threat (part of English Church) ● Quakers suffered because they are very passive during conflicts ➢ Quaker influence in Pennsylvania diminishes ➢ At this point there is not secularism, so what religion one follows influences government policy ➢ Quaker voice in Pennsylvania govt reduces ● Roman catholics were strengthened because our allies (French) Catholic ➢ Maryland gained power because of the strength of Roman Catholic What happens to slavery? ● Slaves exposed to liberty ● Majority of slaves were not literate, but once educated they were exposed to enlightenment ideals and they started seeing how Americans are like British. ● Anti-slavery sentiment spreads in North (Patriots found in the North so it makes sense because revolutionary sentiments and antislavery sentiments match)- ➢ THERE WERE SLAVES IN THE NORTH- even going into the 1900’s black Americans in the North were mistreated ● Slave owners argument in the late 1700s is that they have the liberty to have slaves lol ● Slavery will be discussed at constitutional convention (1787) Native Americans after the war ● A continuation of land encroachments, taking their land way, and them attacking us and losing Women’s roles during and after the war ● During the war ➢ Nurses ➢ Cooks ➢ Did Laundry ➢ Disguised themselves to fight ➔ Ex:Molly Pitcher: would shoot at redcoats whens he saw a fallen soldier she would give them water ● Abigail Adams ➢ is the wife to John Adams (prominent figure in the founding of America) ➢ She makes notes called Remember the Ladies which basically states that women were so helpful in the war and they need a voice in the new independent America. ● Unmarried women have more independence (had right to property, wages, and a job)
● Married women couldn’t speak their minds ● 1790s: Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush advocated for women to receive education ● 1848: as women get more educated they will be fighting for independence Economy after the war ● Advocating to show that America is self sufficient ● America is producing raw material and manufacturing goods in the same place; we got everything in our backyard ➢ we do not want the national government to dictate the economy= more power with states= more power with ppl ➢ establish commerce with French and British State government ● Every single state constitution is different (same common ideas) ➔
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- Fall '16
- Cherry Whipple
- John Adams, American Revolution, United States Declaration of Independence