Separation Separation : removing oneself from a situation or relationship to solve conflict o Ex: Renting an apartment, but landlord is not fair you find a new apartment Allocation of Power Splitting up the power of certain decisions in the relationship o Ex: Couples --- One individual is dominant on finances, another makes decisions on childcare
Chapter 3 Communication and Culture 13/01/2014 19:36:00 Understanding Culture Culture - learned system of thought and behavior that belongs to and typifies a relatively large group of people o it is the composite of their shared beliefs, values and practices o Ex. “French culture” but can be broader Culture is Learned As children, you observe the behavior of your parents, siblings, etc. o Ex. Teach you how to greet guests (with a box, handshake, or hug) Later, you observe from your teachers and peer groups o Learn what types of conversational topics are appropriate o Listen to and observe television, movies, advertisements that reflect your culture and values You acquire a set of shared perceptions and develop models for appropriate behavior o Worldview - the framework through which one interprets the world and the people in it o Ex. Making eye contact during conversation when someone doesn’t make eye contact back, you notice it o Language can be a big part of teaching you the rituals and traditions of your culture as evidenced by the prayers of your faith, the folk songs of your grandparents, or the oaths you make (Pledge of Allegiance) Culture Affects Communication Use communication to express our culture Worldview affects which topics we will discuss in personal and professional settings as well as nonverbal o affects the way we perceive the communication of others o Ex. Feminine beauty as portrayed in mass media and personal messages we communicate o Different cultures and countries think of attractive women differently
American Weddings (brides try to look skinny) vs. Uganda Weddings (brides go through “fattening hut”) Intercultural Communication Matters People from different culture with different worldviews perceive the world quite differently o Can lead to misunderstandings, hurt feelings, anger o That is why communication scholars invest a great deal of time and effort to study and write about… Intercultural Communication - the communication between people from different cultures who have different worldviews o Considered intercultural when the differences between communicators are so substantial that they can potentially create different interpretations and expectations A Diverse Society When communicating with a diverse society --- two methods: o (1) Understanding your own cultural expectations o (2) Respecting cultures of others Mobility Communication will occur with outsiders of your city/region o Ex: People move around all the time and must be accustomed to speaking with a variety of cultures Mediated Interaction
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