Backup of Chapter 5 SKELETAL 4TH Ed.wbk

After surgery most are no longer gender dysphoric

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After surgery most are no longer gender dysphoric (function well sexually, psychologically, and socially) Most postoperative adjustment is positive More favorable for female to male
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Societal acceptance – tend to be better adjusted socially before surgery negative attitudes toward transsexuals than homosexuals (gays and lesbians) GENDER ROLES & STEREOTYPES finished 05-19 Gender Role Complex clusters of ways males and females are expected to behave Stereotype A fixed, conventional idea about a group of people Stereotypes of men and women and sexuality Male Tough, competitive, gentlemanly, and protective Sexually aggressive and over aroused Female Gentle, dependent, kind, helpful, patient, and submissive Sexually passive and under aroused Do you think our perception of women’s sexuality is changing? Women still earn less than men full time – trend toward gender equality in income will continue More women enrolling in university suggesting that women will increasingly occupy higher paying jobs Changing perceptions of women’s sexuality Let go of sexual inhibitions Electrify libidos Liberate fantasies Feel good about “kinkier” sexual desires Sexism The prejudgment that because of gender, a person will possess certain negative traits These traits assumed to disqualify person for certain vocations or to prevent him or her from performing adequately in these jobs or in some social situations. Gender Typing Process by which a child acquires behaviours deemed appropriate for his or her gender BECOMING A MAN OR A WOMAN Theoretical Perspectives BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES Evolutionary (Genetics) Men’s traditional roles of hunters and warriors; better physical attributes; aggressiveness better for hunting, breadwinners Women’s roles as caregivers; empathic, nurturing, homemakers Prenatal Brain Organization (Hormones) Right hemisphere – specialized to perform visual and spatial tasks Left hemisphere – more critical for verbal functions Sexual differentiation of brain may partly explain men’s superiority at spatial-relation tasks (interpreting road maps, visualizing objects in space)
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Testosterone in male fetuses spurs greater growth of right hemisphere and slows rate of left hemisphere Gender Prenatal Hormones Girls showed visual preference for doll over truck and boys showered higher number of visual fixations on truck than doll Sex differences emerge much earlier than self-awareness of one’s sex when there has been relatively little time for social influences to take effect PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES Psychoanalytic Focus on parent-child relationships Identification - When child identifies with same gender parent, child comes to develop behaviours that typically associated with that gender Freud: Oedipus complex – in psychoanalytic theory, a conflict of phallic stage in which
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  • Spring '14
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