decisions made by personnel to enhance resources or profits at the expense of competitors, consumers, and the general public. a. Occupational b. Corporate c. Political d. Organizational Answer: b Page: 183 LO:9 76. Which of these actions is not considered to be a corporate crime? a. antitrust violations b. price fixing c. drug trafficking d. financial fraud Answer: c Page: 183 LO:9 77. Which of the following crimes occurs least frequently? a. forcible rape b. robbery c. motor vehicle theft d. aggravated assault Answer: a Page: 184 LO:9 78. __________ crime is a business operation that supplies illegal goods and services for profit. 213
Chapter 1 a. Organized b. Political c. Corporate d. Occupational (white-collar) Answer: a Page: 184 LO:15 79. Which of the following activities is not associated with organized crime? a. drug trafficking b. prostitution c. money laundering d. insider trading Answer: d Page: 185 LO:15 80. The term __________ refers to illegal or unethical acts involving the use of power by government officials, or illegal/unethical acts perpetrated against the government by outsiders seeking to make a political statement, undermine the government, or overthrow it. a. occupational (white-collar) crime b. political crime c. legislative crime d. corporate crime Answer: b Page: 185 LO:9 81. Four types of political deviance have been attributed to some government officials. Which of the following is not a type identified? a. secrecy and deception designed to manipulate public opinion b. abuse of power c. illegal wiretapping d. prosecution of individuals due to their political activities Answer: c Page: 186 LO:9 82. The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) was developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics as an alternate means of collecting crime statistics. The most recent (NCVS) indicates that __________ percent of all violent crimes are not reported to the police and are thus not reflected. a. 25 b. 33 c. 50 d. 67 Answer: c Page: 186 LO:17 83. __________ is the calculated, unlawful use of physical force or threats of violence 214
Chapter 1 against persons or property in order to intimidate or coerce a government, organization, or individual for the purpose of gaining some political, religious, economic, or social objective. a. Socialism b. Terrorism c. Totalitarianism d. Imperialism Answer: b Page: 186 LO:9 84. Of all factors associated with crime, the age of the offender is one of the most significant. Arrest rates for violent crime and property crime are highest for people between the ages of __________. a. 13 and 25 b. 26 and 35 c. 36 and 45 d. 46 and 55 Answer: a Page: 188 LO:13 85. Based on the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), __________. a. women are more likely to be victimized by crime than men b. young people are more fearful of crime in comparison with the elderly c. women tend to be more fearful of crime in comparison with men d. the elderly are more likely to be victimized than younger people Answer: c Page: 188 LO:11 86. A study by the U.S. Justice Department found that __________ are more likely to be victims of violent crimes than are members of any other racial category.
- Spring '14
- Sociology, Lo, Herbert Spencer