Then President gets 60 days and then needs to set an argument for what hes

Then president gets 60 days and then needs to set an

This preview shows page 4 - 7 out of 8 pages.

President needs authorization from congress within 48 hrs, self defense. Then President gets 60 days and then needs to set an argument for what hes doing 5) Executive Agreements, Executive Privilege, and (particularly) Executive Orders *Executive Privilege: President decides what conversations can be released *Executive Orders: The President making laws by himself (Truman desegregated armed forces) FDR executive order of all Japanese Americans would be put in camps 6) Legislative Initiative/Agenda (Budget and Spending Powers 1 )/Presidential Role in Budget- Making Process (EOP 2 ) *Budget & Spending Powers: Congress dominated the process until 1921 1 Including Impounding, and OMB (Office of Management and Budget). 2 Executive Office of the President.
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*Nixon impounding: Refuse to execute a law, refuse to spend the money (No longer can do that) *1970: Office of Management & Budget (OMB) [Presidential staff agency that serves as a clearing house for budgetary requests] *Executive Office of the President (EOP) -Help president get things done 7) First Modern President *First Modern President: FDR 4x (Liberalism) He set federal minimum wage, ended child labor, radio medium 8) Managing the Presidency : Cabinet (Plus NSC) *Cabinet: Secretaries/chief administrators, consists of 15 heads of depts. Including VP, Sec of Defense National Security Counsel is like the secret cabinet (NSC 1947) White House Staff/Chief of Staff *White House Staff. Head is Chief of Staff 9) Vice-President *John Adams degrades Vice Presidency *25th amendment ( President must choose a VP) 10) Unofficial Powers of President *Unofficial Powers: 1. Crisis Manager (9/11, Hurricane Katrina) 2. Morale Builders (sense of optimism, like during the Great Depression) 3. Agenda setters: (proposes initiative) -National Security Policy -Economic 4. Persuaders (Communicate with the people, Press conferences 5. Personality (Helps persuade the country) 6. Bully Pulpit (Since you are President everything you say makes the news) 11) Presidential Succession *President, VP, president of senate, secretary of state? (President succession) 12) Presidential Resources :
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Political: Mandate -Political Mandate: When you crush your opponent on an election Personal Resources Cycle of Influence and Effectiveness 13) Judging Presidents *44 Presidents/greatest Presidents: Washington, Lincoln, FDR Chapter 8: the Federal Courts 1) Independence (objectivity) *Independent -Lifetime appointments -No reduction in salaries -shuts down congress more than the President -Judges are nominated by President and approved by Senate (2/3 vote) 2) Categories/Types of Law (Criminal, Civil, Public) -3 Categories of Law: 1. Criminal Law (dealing with disputes or actions involving criminal penalties) Government is plaintiff. 99% of all court cases are heard in state courts. 2. Civil Law (Settling disputes, which do not involve criminal activities) Complainant is the plaintiff 3. Public Law (Public agencies/official agencies are on trial) 3) 3 Levels of Federal Courts : District (Trial) 1. District/Trial Courts 94 total courts 678 judges Federal Appellate (Circuit Courts of Appeal) 1. Federal Appellate Court (Appeals) Mostly based on Precedents (previous cases) 12 total courts Supreme Court (including Chief Justices) 3. Supreme Court 9 Judges
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  • Fall '09
  • Government, Supreme Court of the United States, President of the United States, United States Congress, Senate Majority Leader, Minority leader

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