New sounds •Acoustical instruments played percussively •Creation of electronic and computer music •Incorporation of environmental noise oTextureVaried Chapter 33: Early 20thCentury Modernism -Igor Stravinsky (1892-1971)oMost significant composer of the century oKnown for his use of rhythm. His beat is strong and he often uses irregular meter (very difficult to find the downbeat and it often changes)-Three style periods oRussian ballet period (1910-1920)Composed for the Ballets russes (Russian Ballets)Russian storiesAchieved international fame oNeo classical period (1920-1951)- WWI effected the size of European Orchestras (large orchestras disappeared). Neo Classicism (New Classicism) became popular45
46Classical forms and smaller orchestra- think about the qualities of the Classical Period, only now we have many more colors of sound and composers used much more dissonance Mythological or 18thcentury topicsoTwelve tone periodReligious and commemorative worksOnly after the death of SchoenbergThe Rite of Spring (1913)-The greatest masterpiece of modern music- it was so shocking that it caused a riot in the theater -Shocking musical effects oPercussive orchestra Percussion section expanded Traditional instruments played percussively Bright, brittle, almost brutal sound oIrregular accents Explosive syncopations Destroys sense of metrical regularity oPolymetersTwo or more distinctly different meters simultaneously Creates rhythmic complexity oOstinato figuresOffers a sense of rhythmic structure Creates an incessant driving quality oDissonant polychords Two triads sound simultaneously Creates a harsh, biting sound The “Rite” chord•E-flat seventh chord combined with F-flat major triad•Harmonic basis for the ballet Expressionism-A German-Austrian movement oExtension of German RomanticismoProminent during the early decadesoFreud originated the theory of psychoanalysis during this time- Freud believed people could be cured by making conscious their unconscious thoughts and motivations-Aesthetic oExpresses strong emotions- instead of representing objects as they are, the artists/composers tried to create representations of the emotions those objects created The innermost feelings, anxieties and fears Exaggeration and distortion The Screamby Edvard Munch
Music Appreciation Final Chapters 1-39-Musical styleoHarsh dissonances oAsymmetrical rhythms oAngular, chromatic melodiesoAtonalArnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)-Profoundly important composer and theorist oCreated atonal music oDispensed with the triad as a structural principleoInvented SprechstimmeoFather of twelve tone composition Pierrot Lunaire (Moonstruck Pierott, 1912)- Example of Atonality-Schoenberg’s best known composition -An expressionist composition oSoprano soloist and chamber ensembleoIntroduced Sprechstimme German for “speech voice”Rhythm strict, but pitch variable
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