Research report - National Child Labour Action Programme for South Africa (1).doc

112labour inspectors tasked with occupational health

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(112)Labour inspectors tasked with occupational health and safety inspections should review this list. They should also identify, in view of the types of work children do in South Africa, and from international literature, what further research is necessary to fully understand potential hazards that may potentially be defined as a worst form of child labour. Lead institution: DL.. New policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: minima. Recurrent cost: minimal. Time line: within two years of adoption of policy. ILO funding: to cover once off costs. (117) Research should be done to determine the extent of child-headed households and AIDS orphans, and the effect that HIV/AIDS is likely to have on child labour, and to make recommendations regarding appropriate action. Lead institution: DSD; Secondary institutions: DL, DH*. New policy? Regarding child labour and child-headed households – elaboration of existing policy. Once-off cost: moderate. ILO funding: full research costs. Time line: to start within two years of adoption of policy. (118) The growing number of home-based care programmes could play a role in terms of children affected by
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Page 96 Annexure A Draft 4.10, October 2003 (126) Facilitating the reunification of children living in the street to their families or extended families, provided that circumstances would be caring. Lead institution: DrSD*. Secondary institution: LG. New Policy? Existing policy, although difficulties with implementation are sometimes experienced. Once off cost: nil. Recurrent cost: moderate, but forms part of existing budget. Time line: ongoing. (127) Reintegration of street children through shelters and homes, with increased state support to such shelters. Lead institution: DrSD*. Secondary institution: NGOs. New Policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: moderate. Recurrent cost: moderate. Time line: within two years of adoption of policy. (129) Children working on the streets are also exposed to much higher levels of risk, ranging from violence against them, traffic accidents, exposure to drugs etc. Street children should therefore be prioritised for action. Lead institution: DrSD. Secondary institution: DL. New Policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: moderate. Recurrent cost: moderate. Time line: within wo years of adoption of policy. (130) A plan should be drafted for effective cooperation between DHA, SAPS, DH and the education departments, to ensure that child refugees are not arrested, are handled in accordance with existing laws and regulations, and are not denied access to school and health care services. Lead institution: DSD. Secondary institutions: DHA, SAPS, DrE, DH. New Policy? Elaboration of existing policy. Once off cost: minimal. Recurrent cost: minimal. Time line: within three years of adoption of policy. ILO funding: to cover research required to possible alternatives and costs related to the facilitation of a process leading to closer cooperation.
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