(classes) in a particular society and argue that it is unfair and that inequality exists at the expense of less powerful groups. 6. You tell a friend that you’re taking a class in sociology. There’s a chance they know about sociology and are quite jealous. There’s also a chance they’re confusing sociology with the other social sciences. How would you describe sociology? How does sociology differ from history and psychology? I would describe sociology as the study of human society. Sociology differs from history in that sociology by contrast, is generally not concerned with the uniqueness of phenomena but rather with commonalities that can be abstracted across cases. The comparative method is the staple of sociologists and they are always at least implicitly drawing comparisons to identify abstractable patterns. Sociology differs from psychology in that psychologists focus on the individual to explain the phenomenon under consideration, examining how urges, drives, instincts, and the mind can account for human behavior, whereas sociologists examine group-level dynamics and social structures. 7. Why do people go to college and how does Randall Collin’s book Credential Society make the familiar reality of college seem strange? Individuals who finish college might earn more money and obtained a degree. Randall Collin’s book Credential Society argues that the expansion of higher education has merely resulted in a ratcheting up of credentialism and expenditures on formal education rather than reflecting any true social need for more formal education or opening up opportunity to more people.
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