Notwithstanding, While NATO believes their initiatives towards combating terrorism through WMD containment are effective, but many obstacles stand in achieving their goals. In itsOAE’s initiative to contain WMD’s through guarding the Mediterranean Sea, NATO are only allowed to board ships whose master and states allow under international law. Thus, it raises a question of how reliable such an operation is in containing WMD spread.(Nevers, 64) While NATO under US pressure believe that WMD is of major concern in combating terrorism, NATO European allies such as France, Germany, and the UK differ against the US’s stance. They don not believe it is as critical and therefore limit or disapprove suggested increases in NATO WMD budget.(Roberts) NATO strives to increase WMD information sharing and improving measures of prevention through policies and tactics, nevertheless the allies continue to act on individual bases or through bilateral and multilateral measures not involving NATO in their many efforts to tackle the issue. For example, in a recent proposition to deal with Iran’s WMD, the US and the three largest European NATO members dealt with the issue of possible weapon leaks to terroristsusing the assistance of a European Union’s foreign policy chief with no NATO presentation or any involvement of some sort. (Roberts)
NATO has been committed to disturbing the financial support that insures the continuous growth of terrorist’s success. NATO strives to insure that governments support for terrorists groups within their states are nonexistent. For instance eliminating financial support from Afghanistan’s Taliban government to al Qaeda, by exchanging information between allies and governments through created intiative such as the Partnership Action Plan.(Hardouin, Weichardt)This plan has increased NATOs awareness of terrorist financial activities through increased financial transactions mapping and studying different forms of moving and storing terrorist financial assets. (Hardouin, Weichhardt) However, despite NATO efforts to eliminate financial support from governments and non-government supports to terrorist organizations, it is not very effective. Studies have shown that Terrorist groups use informal transfer systems that are extremely difficult in monitoring suchas hawala and rely on cash smuggling, and organisations to launder money. As quoted by the NATO official the `` Financial flows linked to terrorist actions are often very low and remain below the thresholds of financial control mechanisms``. (Hardouin, Weichhardt) Yet, the ineffectiveness of NATO efforts is seen in the increase of frequency and levels of attacks by Taliban fighters. Taliban’s financial supports increase has caused an elevated scope of attacks as they can substantiate attacks on larger combat units of NATO forces. In conclusion, this essay answered the question of how effective NATO is in combating terrorism, by showing that NATO is not effective in combating terrorism by showing that its role was a minor one that is taken up by other organizations and existing states, and NATO did not have the military capabilities to effectively combat terrorism. It also examined the effectiveness of NATO in combating terrorism through WMD containment and concluded its ineffectiveness because of the constraints on the tasks of WMD control. The essay also examined the impact of
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- Fall '19