Structure contains various social positions and men

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structure contains various social positions and men born into different positions have different expectations of life determined, in part, by the political system as well as by economic and socialcircumstances.In this way the institutions of society favor certain starting places over others. These are especially deep inequalities. Not only are they pervasive, but they affect men'sinitial chances in life; yet they cannot possibly be justified by an appeal to the notions of merit or desert.It is these inequalities, pre- sumably inevitable in the basic structure of any society, to which the principles of social justice must in the first instance apply. These principles, then, regulate the choice of a political constitution and the main elements of the economic and social system. The justice of a social scheme depends essentially on how fundamental rights and duties are assigned and on the economic opportunities and social conditions in the various sectors of society. 2. Rawlsian principles garner the concept of consent in contract, which is a fundamental part of justice. Rawls2, John. “A Theory of Justice.” Harvard Press. 1971. -%20TOJ%20-%20SocPol%20Selction.pdfIn justice as fairness the original position of equality corresponds to the state of nature in the traditional theory of the social contract. This original position is not, of course, thought of as an actual his- torical state of affairs, much less as a primitive condition of culture. It is understood as
a purely hypothetical situation characterized so as to lead to a certain conception of justice.5 Among the essential features of this situation is that no one knows his place in society, his class position or social status, nor does anyone know his fortune in the distribution of natural assets and abilities, his intelligence, strength, and the like. I shall even assume that the parties do not know their conceptions of the good or their special psychological propensities. If the principles of justice are chosen behind a veil of ignorance.This ensures that no one is advantaged or disadvantaged in the choice of principles by the outcome of natural chanceor the contingency of social circumstances. Since all are similarly situated and no one is able to design principles to favor his particular condition, the principles of justice are the result of a fair agreement or bargain. For given the circumstances of the original position, the symmetry of everyone's relations to each other, this initial situation is fair between individuals as moral persons, that is, as rational beings with their own ends and capable, I shall assume, of a sense of justice. The original position is, one might say, the appropriate initial status quo, and thus the fundamental agreements reached in it are fair. This explains the propriety of the name "justice as fairness":it conveys the ideathat the principles of justice are agreed to in an initial situation that is fair.

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