Example jane believes that smoking is unhealthy feels

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Example: Jane believes that smoking is unhealthy, feels disgusted when people smoke around her, and avoids being in situations where people smoke. Dimensions of Attitudes Researchers study three dimensions of attitude: strength, accessibility, and ambivalence. The Influence of Attitudes on Behavior Behavior does not always reflect attitudes. However, attitudes do determine behavior in some situations: If there are few outside influences, attitude guides behavior. Example: Wyatt has an attitude that eating junk food is unhealthy. When he is at home, he does not eat chips or candy. However, when he is at parties, he indulges in these foods. Behavior is guided by attitudes specific to that behavior. Example: Megan might have a general attitude of respect toward seniors, but that would not prevent her from being disrespectful to an elderly woman who cuts her off at a stop sign. However, if Megan has an easygoing attitude about being cut off at stop signs, she is not likely to swear at someone who cuts her off. What is the difference between an attitude and a belief ? Belief is similar to conviction. It is internalised by us when we see, hear or experience. We hold as if it is true and are well aware of the belief. Belief - an acceptance that a statement is true or that something exists. Eg. an individual might believe in god. Attitude is a predisposition to act. A favourable or unfavourable attitude is projected towards events, things, persons etc. This directs us to behave. Unlike belief which is well known to the individual, attitude might be known or hidden. Eg. an individual might have developed negative attitude towards god and this influences his behaviour of not visiting religious places.
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Attribution theory states that we have a tendency to explain someone's behavior by attributing a cause to his/her behavior. In our effort to try to understand the behavior of others, we either explain their behavior in terms of their personality and disposition (internal), or we explain their behavior in terms of the situation (external). You might, for example, explain your professor's harsh words about class performance as being the result of his angry personality type, or you might attribute it to his disappointment with the overall class performance. If you attribute his harsh words to the angry personality type, then you have made the fundamental attribution error . The fundamental attribution error is our tendency to explain someone's behavior based on internal factors, such as personality or disposition, and to underestimate the influence that external factors, such as situational influences, have on another person's behavior. We might, for example, explain the fact that someone is unemployed based on his character, and blame him for his plight, when in fact he was recently laid off due to a sluggish economy.
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