V worker convenience and job satisfaction workers

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v. Worker convenience and job satisfaction Workers want to work in a convenient environment. Providing the worker with a place to leave his tools and with easy access to materials storage, reducing excessive noise with sound-deadening walls, as well as considering his safety are factors that should be examined when planning a layout. Attention to such items as heat, ventilation, light and removal of moisture and dirt is important in promoting worker’s job satisfaction. Layout that calls for unstable stacking of materials should be changed to correct safety hazards. The layout engineer should keep close contact with the safety engineer in order to assure that safety has been thoroughly considered in a given layout.
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99 vi. Unnecessary capital investment Capital investment in equipment can sometimes be reduced by the proper arrangement of machines and departments. By conveniently locating a particular piece of equipment two different parts, both sequencing part time use of a broach may be broach. Thus the cost of a second machine is avoided. During the process planning phase capital investment can be minimized by making use of idle time on previously owned equipment. This type of problem is primarily one of the production scheduling, but by being aware of the problem the layout man can facilitate production scheduling by installing a good layout. vii. Labour utilization Every year so many productive man-hours are wasted because of poor layout. Proper layout does not guarantee but certainly stimulates the effective utilization of man power. The following suggestions should be considered in making effective utilization of labour. a. Direct labor utilization: Improper layout can make the production job extremely wasteful. Making it necessary for the production worker to walk great distances to obtain tools or materials can waste a number of man hours. Good methods engineering and line balancing can minimize worker idle time. b. Indirect labor utilization: Building design to provide ease of maintenance can save many rupees per year. Proper design of aisles can result in better utilization of fork-lift operator. c. Better supervision: A supervisor should theoretically be in contact with his department at all times. An enclosed office should be provided for a foreman with direct line authority. This is essential when a foreman finds it necessary to discipline a subordinate. 8.3.3 FACTORS INFLUENCING FACILITY LAYOUT The following are the most important factors influencing facility layout: 1. Factory building 2. Lighting 3. Climatic conditions 4. Ventilation 5. Work-related welfare facilities. 8.3.3.1 FACTORY BUILDING Factory building is a factor which is the most important consideration for every industrial enterprise. Factory building is required to provide protection for men, machines, materials. It should offer a comfortable working environment. It is for these reasons that the factory building acquires great importance.
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