The standard is applicable for all textile and

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The standard is applicable for all textile and leather products in all levels of production, including nontextile accessories. It is also applicable to mattresses, feathers and downs, foams, upholstery and other materials with similar character- istics. It is not applicable for chemicals, auxiliaries, and dyes, although often the dye and chemical auxiliary manufacturers claim that their products compile with Oeko-Tex 100. Limit values are established for four different product classes: 1. Products for babies (including children up to 36 months old) 2. Products in direct contact with the skin 3. Products not in direct contact with the skin 4. Decorative materials Oeko-Tex certi fi cation also covers all textile-relevant substances of very high concern on the European Chemical Agency (ECHA) candidate list. The yearly updates of Oeko-Tex Standard 100 take into account the evolution of the list published by ECHA. The main criteria (according to the 2014 version of the standard) are as follows: pH value (4.0 7.5 for classes 1 and 2 and 4.0 9.0 for classes 3 and 4) Formaldehyde (not detectable for class 1, up to 75 mg/kg for class 2, and up to 300 mg/kg for classes 3 and 4) Extractable heavy metals (restrictions for antimony, arsenic, lead, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, nickel, and mercury; limit values are lower for class 1) Heavy metals in digested samples (restrictions for lead and for cadmium) Pesticides Chlorinated phenols, chlorinated benzenes, and toluenes Phthalates (special restrictions for baby articles) Organic tin compounds Other chemical residues (arylamines, o-phenylphenol, short-chained chlorinated para fi nes, tris(2-chlorethyl)phosphate, and dymethylfumarate) Dyestuffs (cleavable arylamines, carcinogens, allergens, etc.) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Biologically active products and fl ame retardants (not to be used except those in the positive list agreed upon by the Oeko-Tex Association) Solvent residues (1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, N,N-dimethylacetamide, and dimethylformamide) Surfactant and wetting agent residues (nonylphenol, octylphenol, nonylpheno- lethoxylates, and octylphenolethoxylates) Per fl uorinated compounds (per fl uoroctane sulfonates, per fl uoroctanic acid, henicosa fl uoroundecanoic acid, tricosa fl uorododecanoic acid, pentacosa fl uoro- tridecanoic acid, heptacosa fl uorotetradecanoic acid) Ecolabels and Organic Certi fi cation for Textile Products 181
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Color fastness (water, perspiration, dry rubbing, saliva/perspiration) Emission of volatiles (formaldehyde, toluene, styrene, vinylcyclohexene, 4- phenylcyclohexene, butadiene, vinylchloride, aromatic hydrocarbons, organic volatiles) Determination of odors Asbestos is banned. In addition to the written documents and laboratory testing of the submitted test samples, the certi fi cation process involves a company audit at the site of the applicant where the certi fi ed items are produced. In general, company visits are carried out every 3 years. A prerequisite for awarding of the certi fi cate is successful
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