Worldview of Christianity and Hinduism Christians have several views about the cause of suffering, whether or not the suffering is associated with illness. The first view of the Christians is that people suffer because they are sinful. Precisely, suffering is sometimes a punishment from God for the sins that people have. This view is based on the biblical teaching in Gal. 6:7-9, which states that people reap what they saw and they suffer because of their foolishness (Miller, 2012) . According to Christianity, God sometimes inflicts suffering on the people that He loves as a way of disciplining them. God requires all people to follow His teachings, and whenever they fail to do so, He uses suffering to discipline them. The second view of Christianity is that suffering, just like joy and peace, is part of human existence. This view is based on the argument that even Jesus suffered. Another view is that suffering is used by God as a way of testing the faith of the Christians. During the time of suffering, the faith of Christians may be shaken. As such, Christians believe that God uses suffering to test the strength of their faith. The Christians believe that withstanding suffering strengthens their faith (Fitzpatrick et al., 2016) . Just like Christianity, Hinduism recognizes that suffering is part of human existence. However, Hinduism teaches that one of the causes of suffering is attachment to the earthly things, such as land and money. According to Hinduism, people also suffer due to sticking on desires for earthly things. In that case, suffering occurs due to the desire to change things that cannot
change (Fitzpatrick et al., 2016) . The concept of Karma is also used to explain the source of suffering among people in Hinduism. Hindus believe in reincarnation. In the perspective of Hinduism, the souls of human beings are attached to physical forms existing on earth. When a person dies, he can be born as a human being or take another form, such as the form of a cow of a dog. If person dies after doing bad, then he is likely to suffer in the next life. As such, the concept of karma is based on the idea of cause and effect. When a person does bad things presently, the concept of karma states that suffering can still occur in this life (Fitzpatrick et al., 2016). Ethical Analysis Question 1. The views of Christianity and Hinduism towards suffering can be used to explain the situation being faced by George. George has been diagnosed with a terminal illness called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) that does not have cure. Although he can live another 10 years, most people diagnosed with the illness live for 3 to 5 years. The problem with the disease is that it causes a lot of suffering since it affects the ability of patients to speak, eat, breathe and move. As a result, George will be wheelchair bound after the development of the symptoms of the illness.
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- Fall '16